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This database contains 18 studies, archived under the term: "learning"

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Diuretic use is associated with better learning and memory in older adults in the Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory Study

Background: To investigate the association between diuretics, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I), angiotensin II receptor blockers (AT2RB), and cognitive function.; Methods: This post hoc analysis of the randomized controlled Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory Study trial focuses on 3069 nondemented community-dwelling participants aged >75 years. At baseline visit, detailed information about medication use was collected and five […]

Non-invasive brain stimulation improves object-location learning in the elderly

Remembering the location of objects, an integral part of everyday life, is known to decline with advancing age and early in the course of neurodegenerative dementia. Here, we aimed to test if object-location learning and its retention could be modified by noninvasive brain stimulation. In a group of 20 elderly (mean age 62.1 years) right-handed […]

Memantine for dementia in adults older than 40 years with Down’s syndrome (MEADOWS): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Background: Prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease in people with Down’s syndrome is very high, and many such individuals who are older than 40 years have pathological changes characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease. Evidence to support treatment with Alzheimer’s drugs is inadequate, although memantine is beneficial in transgenic mice. We aimed to assess safety and efficacy of memantine […]

The Mental Activity and eXercise (MAX) trial: a randomized controlled trial to enhance cognitive function in older adults

Importance: The prevalence of cognitive impairment and dementia are projected to rise dramatically during the next 40 years, and strategies for maintaining cognitive function with age are critically needed. Physical or mental activity alone result in relatively small, domain-specific improvements in cognitive function in older adults; combined interventions may have more global effects.; Objective: To […]

Study protocol of the multi-site randomised controlled REDALI-DEM trial–the effects of structured relearning methods on daily living task performance of persons with dementia

Background: Evidence from pilot trials suggests that structured learning techniques may have positive effects on the performance of cognitive tasks, movement sequences or skills in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. The purpose of this trial is to evaluate whether the usual method of learning by trial and error or the method of errorless learning demonstrate better […]

Persons with mild or moderate Alzheimer’s disease use a basic orientation technology to travel to different rooms within a day center

This study assessed whether three patients with Alzheimer’s disease could learn to use a basic orientation technology to reach different rooms within a day center. At each travel instance, the technology provided verbal messages (cues) from the room to reach. For the first two patients, the messages were presented at intervals of about 15s. For […]

Persons with mild or moderate Alzheimer’s disease learn to use urine alarms and prompts to avoid large urinary accidents

This study assessed whether three patients with Alzheimer’s disease could learn to use urine alarms and caregivers’ prompts to eliminate large urinary accidents. As soon as the patient began to release urine, the alarm system presented auditory and vibratory signals. In relation to those signals, the caregiver would prompt/encourage the patient to stop urinating and […]

Concord grape juice supplementation improves memory function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment

Concord grape juice contains polyphenol compounds, which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and influence neuronal signalling. Concord grape juice supplementation has been shown to reduce inflammation, blood pressure and vascular pathology in individuals with CVD, and consumption of such flavonoid-containing foods is associated with a reduced risk for dementia. In addition, preliminary animal data have […]

Improved cognitive-cerebral function in older adults with chromium supplementation

Insulin resistance is implicated in the pathophysiological changes associated with Alzheimer’s disease, and pharmaceutical treatments that overcome insulin resistance improve memory function in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early Alzheimer’s disease. Chromium (Cr) supplementation improves glucose disposal in patients with insulin resistance and diabetes. We sought to assess whether supplementation with Cr might […]

Effects of errorless skill learning in people with mild-to-moderate or severe dementia: a randomized controlled pilot study

This pilot study examines whether learning without errors is advantageous compared to trial-and-error learning in people with dementia using a procedural task and a randomized case-control design. A sample of 60 people was recruited, consisting of 20 patients with severe dementia, 20 patients with mild-to-moderate dementia and 20 participants without dementia. The participants had to […]

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