This database contains 384 studies, archived under the term: "Other"
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Effect of a human-type communication robot on cognitive function in elderly women living alone
Background: Considering the high prevalence of dementia, it would be of great value to develop effective tools to improve cognitive function. We examined the effects of a human-type communication robot on cognitive function in elderly women living alone.; Material/methods: In this study, 34 healthy elderly female volunteers living alone were randomized to living with either […]
Increased cerebral metabolism after 1 year of deep brain stimulation in Alzheimer disease
Background: The importance of developing unique, neural circuitry-based treatments for the cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms of Alzheimer disease (AD) was the impetus for a phase I study of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with AD that targeted the fornix.; Objective: To test the hypotheses that DBS would increase cerebral glucose metabolism in cortical and […]
Pilot study of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease
Human granulocyte colony-stimulating-factor (G-CSF) is widely used for treatment of neutropenia and to mobilize stem/progenitor cells for bone marrow transplantation. In studies of thousands of healthy donor subjects treated with G-CSF to mobilize stem/progenitor cells, the side-effect profile has been reported to be mild and reversible. In pre-clinical studies, G-CSF was reported to improve spatial […]
Amyloid-β(1-15/16) as a marker for γ-secretase inhibition in Alzheimer’s disease
Amyloid-β (Aβ) producing enzymes are key targets for disease-modifying Alzheimer’s disease (AD) therapies since Aβ trafficking is at the core of AD pathogenesis. Development of such drugs might benefit from the identification of markers indicating in vivo drug effects in the central nervous system. We have previously shown that Aβ(1-15) is produced by concerted β-and […]
Mechanism of amyloid removal in patients with Alzheimer disease treated with gantenerumab
Background: Gantenerumab is a fully human anti-Aβ monoclonal antibody in clinical development for the treatment of Alzheimer disease (AD).; Objectives: To investigate whether treatment with gantenerumab leads to a measurable reduction in the level of Aβ amyloid in the brain and to elucidate the mechanism of amyloid reduction.; Design: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, ascending-dose […]
An inpatient rehabilitation model of care targeting patients with cognitive impairment
Background: The course and outcomes of hip fracture patients are often complicated by the presence of dementia and delirium, referred to as cognitive impairment (CI), which limits access to in-patient rehabilitation. In response to this concern, members of our team developed and piloted an in-patient rehabilitation model of care (Patient-Centred Rehabilitation Model; PCRM) targeting patients […]