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Does telecare prolong community living in dementia? A study protocol for a pragmatic, randomised controlled trial


Leroi, Iracema, Woolham, John, Gathercole, Rebecca, Howard, Robert, Dunk, Barbara, Fox, Chris, O'Brien, John, Bateman, Andrew, Poland, Fiona, Bentham, Peter, Burns, Alistair, Davies, Anna, Forsyth, Kirsty, Gray, Richard, Knapp, Martin, Newman, Stanton, McShane, Rupert, Ritchie, Craig


Trials, Volume: 14, Pages.: 349-349

Year of Publication



Background: Assistive technology and telecare (ATT) are relatively new ways of delivering care and support to people with social care needs. It is claimed that ATT reduces the need for community care, prevents unnecessary hospital admission, and delays or prevents admission into residential or nursing care. The current economic situation in England has renewed interest in ATT instead of community care packages. However, at present, the evidence base to support claims about the impact and effectiveness of ATT is limited, despite its potential to mitigate the high financial cost of caring for people with dementia and the social and psychological cost to unpaid carers.; Method/design: ATTILA (Assistive Technology and Telecare to maintain Independent Living At Home for People with Dementia) is a pragmatic, multi-centre, randomised controlled trial over 104 weeks that compares outcomes for people with dementia who receive ATT and those who receive equivalent community services but not ATT. The study hypothesis is that fewer people in the ATT group will go into institutional care over the 4-year period for which the study is funded. The study aims to recruit 500 participants, living in community settings, with dementia or significant cognitive impairment, who have recently been referred to social services.Primary outcome measures are time in days from randomisation to institutionalisation and cost effectiveness. Secondary outcomes are caregiver burden, health-related quality of life in carers, number and severity of serious adverse events, and data on acceptability, applicability and reliability of ATT intervention packages. Assessments will be undertaken in weeks 0 (baseline), 12, 24, 52 and 104 or until institutionalisation or withdrawal of the participant from the trial.; Discussion: In a time of financial austerity, CASSRs in England are increasingly turning to ATT in the belief that it will deliver good outcomes for less money. There is an absence of robust evidence for the cost-effectiveness and benefit of using assistive technology and telecare. The ATTILA trial meets a pressing need for robust, generalisable evidence to either justify continuing investment or reappraise the appropriate scale of ATT use.; Trial Registration: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN86537017.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Leroi_2013, doi = {10.1186/1745-6215-14-349}, url = {}, year = 2013, publisher = {Springer Nature}, volume = {14}, number = {1}, pages = {349}, author = {Iracema Leroi and John Woolham and Rebecca Gathercole and Robert Howard and Barbara Dunk and Chris Fox and John O'Brien and Andrew Bateman and Fiona Poland and Peter Bentham and Alistair Burns and Anna Davies and Kirsty Forsyth and Richard Gray and Martin Knapp and Stanton Newman and Rupert McShane and Craig Ritchie}, title = {Does telecare prolong community living in dementia? A study protocol for a pragmatic, randomised controlled trial}, journal = {Trials} }


clinical protocols, community health services, dementia, diagnosis, economics, england, health care costs, humans, independent living, institutionalization, psychology, research design, telemedicine, therapy, time factors, treatment outcome

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Cost and service use study, Economic evaluation, Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes

Carer Burden (instruments measuring burden), Quality of Life of Carer, Service use or cost reductions (incl. hospital use reduction, care home admission delay)


Extra Care Housing

Type of Interventions

Technology (telephone, telecare, telehealth, robots, GPS)


Remote monitoring – telemonitoring, telecare