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This database contains 49 studies, archived under the term: "memory disorders"

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Evaluation of a computer-assisted errorless learning-based memory training program for patients with early Alzheimer’s disease in Hong Kong: a pilot study

Background: Improving the situation in older adults with cognitive decline and evidence of cognitive rehabilitation is considered crucial in long-term care of the elderly. The objective of this study was to implement a computerized errorless learning-based memory training program (CELP) for persons with early Alzheimer’s disease, and to compare the training outcomes of a CELP […]

Effectiveness of cognitive training in Chinese older people with subjective cognitive complaints: a randomized placebo-controlled trial

Objective: This study examines the short-term and long-term effects of a cognitive training (CT) program in enhancing cognitive function of older people with subjective memory complaints.; Methods: A single-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial was carried out in a sample of 223 older adults aged 65 years or above with subjective memory complaints in Hong Kong. They […]

Are two methods better than one? Evaluating the effectiveness of combining errorless learning with vanishing cues

A growing trend in memory rehabilitation is to combine learning principles to enhance treatment effects. While this makes intuitive sense, little is known about the added value of incorporating each method. A further complication is that some interventions, although primarily based on one learning principle, actually incorporate several, which again adds to the difficulty in […]

Effects of cognitive training on gray matter volumes in memory clinic patients with subjective memory impairment

Subjective memory impairment (SMI) is a common risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease, with few established options for treatment. Here we investigate the effects of two months episodic memory training on regional brain atrophy in 19 memory clinic patients with SMI. We used a sensitive longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging protocol and compared the patients with 42 […]

The effect of passive listening versus active observation of music and dance performances on memory recognition and mild to moderate depression in cognitively impaired older adults

The study examined the effects of music therapy and dance/movement therapy on cognitively impaired and mild to moderately depressed older adults. Passive listening to music and active observation of dance accompanied by music were studied in relation to memory enhancement and relief of depressive symptoms in 100 elderly board and care residents. The Beck Depression […]

The FABS trial: a randomised control trial of the effects of a 6-month physical activity intervention on adherence and long-term physical activity and self-efficacy in older adults with memory complaints

Objective: The aim of this study is to assess in older adults with memory complaints, the effects of a 6-month home-based physical activity (PA) intervention on short-term adherence, short and long-term self-efficacy and the predictors of adherence.; Methods: Participants with memory complaints with or without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were recruited from Perth, Western Australia […]

Women have farther to fall: gender differences between normal elderly and Alzheimer’s disease in verbal memory engender better detection of Alzheimer’s disease in women

We analyzed verbal episodic memory learning and recall using the Logical Memory (LM) subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale-III to determine how gender differences in AD compare to those seen in normal elderly and whether or not these differences impact assessment of AD. We administered the LM to both an AD and a Control group, […]

A subtest of the MMSE as a valid test of episodic memory? Comparison with the Free and Cued Reminding Test

Background/aims: Episodic memory impairment is known to be the core of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) dementia syndrome and one of the earliest domains to decline. However, episodic memory tests are long and expensive.; Methods: In a sample of the French Three-City Study (n = 1,516), we aimed at validating a subtest of the Mini-Mental State Examination […]

Measuring memory in large group settings using a continuous recognition test

Memory function generally deteriorates with age, and memory impairments are a common symptom of serious illness such as dementia. Although screening tests are widely used throughout Medicine, they are not yet commonly used to detect memory impairments. The objective of this study was to characterize an audience-based memory test suitable for administration to a large […]

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