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This database contains 20 studies, archived under the term: "health status"

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Interaction effects of education and health status on cognitive change: A 6-year follow-up of the Maastricht Aging Study

Objectives: The aim of this study was to test for interactions between education and health status (i.e., physical, social, and psychological functioning) with respect to baseline cognitive performance and change over 6 years. Method: Longitudinal data from the Maastricht Aging Study of 1344 men and women aged 24-47 and 49-77 were used. Results: Education by […]

The effect of regular walks on various health aspects in older people with dementia: protocol of a randomized-controlled trial

Background: Physical activity has proven to be beneficial for physical functioning, cognition, depression, anxiety, rest-activity rhythm, quality of life (QoL), activities of daily living (ADL) and pain in older people. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of walking regularly on physical functioning, the progressive cognitive decline, level of depression, anxiety, rest-activity […]

Dementia caregivers’ responses to 2 Internet-based intervention programs

Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the impact on dementia caregivers’ experienced stress and health status of 2 Internet-based intervention programs.; Design and Methods: Ninety-one dementia caregivers were given the choice of being involved in either an Internet-based chat support group or an Internet-based video conferencing support group. Pre-post outcome measures focused […]

Exemplary care as a mediator of the effects of caregiver subjective appraisal and emotional outcomes

Purpose: Exemplary care (EC) is a new construct encompassing care behaviors that warrants further study within stress process models of dementia caregiving. Previous research has examined EC within the context of cognitively intact older adult care recipients (CRs) and their caregivers (CGs). This study sought to expand our knowledge of quality of care by investigating […]

Modeling trajectories and transitions: results from the New York University caregiver intervention

Background: Current research fails to capture the temporal dynamics of chronic disease in favor of cross-sectional snapshots of symptoms and outcomes.; Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the effects of comprehensive psychosocial support on trajectories of spouse caregivers’ well-being related to the nursing home placement transition.; Method: Data from the New York […]

The association between mild cognitive impairment and doing housework

Objectives: The ability to perform instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is thought to be relatively intact for people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Doing housework as part of IADL is an important skill needed for older people to live independently and successfully. A limited number of studies explore the association between MCI and doing […]

The PACE study: a randomised clinical trial of cognitive activity (CA) for older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)

Background: Research evidence from observational studies suggests that cognitive activity reduces the risk of cognitive impairment in later life as well as the rate of cognitive decline of people with dementia. The Promoting Healthy Ageing with Cognitive Exercise (PACE) study has been designed to determine whether a cognitive activity intervention decreases the rate of cognitive […]

Early-stage memory loss support groups: outcomes from a randomized controlled clinical trial

Objectives: This article describes results of a randomized controlled trial comparing a time-limited early-stage memory loss (ESML) support group program conducted by a local Alzheimer’s Association chapter to a wait-list (WL) control condition.; Methods: One hundred and forty-two dyads were randomized in blocks to ESML (n = 96) or WL (n = 46). Mean age […]

Effects of exercise programs to prevent decline in health-related quality of life in highly deconditioned institutionalized elderly persons: a randomized controlled trial

Background: Our objective was to assess the effects of targeted exercise programs on health-related quality of life compared with usual care based on the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory scores in geriatric institutionalized persons.; Methods: A randomized controlled trial of 2 exercise programs vs usual care was conducted […]

Effectiveness of a psychoeducational intervention program in the reduction of caregiver burden in Alzheimer’s disease patients’ caregivers

Objectives: Caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) experience physical and psychological stress due to the caring experience. This study evaluated the benefits of a Psychoeducational Intervention Program (PIP) on caregiver burden in southern Europe.; Methods: A multicentre, prospective, randomised study was conducted. One hundred and fifteen caregivers of patients with clinical diagnosis of AD […]

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