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The PACE study: a randomised clinical trial of cognitive activity (CA) for older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)


Vidovich, Mandy R., Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Flicker, Leon, Clare, Linda, Almeida, Osvaldo P.


Trials, Volume: 10, Pages.: 114-114

Year of Publication



Background: Research evidence from observational studies suggests that cognitive activity reduces the risk of cognitive impairment in later life as well as the rate of cognitive decline of people with dementia. The Promoting Healthy Ageing with Cognitive Exercise (PACE) study has been designed to determine whether a cognitive activity intervention decreases the rate of cognitive decline amongst older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI).; Methods/design: The study will recruit 160 community-dwelling men and women aged 65 years of age or over with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Participants will be randomly allocated to two treatment groups: non-specific education and cognitive activity. The intervention will consist of ten 90-minute sessions delivered twice per week over a period of five weeks. The primary outcome measure of the study is the change from baseline in the total score on the Cambridge Cognitive Score (CAMCOG). Secondary outcomes of interest include changes in memory, attention, executive functions, mood and quality of life. Primary endpoints will be collected 12, 52 and 104 weeks after the baseline assessment.; Discussion: The proposed project will produce the best available evidence on the merits of increased cognitive activity as a strategy to prevent cognitive decline among older adults with MCI. We anticipate that the results of this study will have implications for the development of evidence-based preventive strategies to reduce the rate of cognitive decline amongst older people at risk of dementia.; Trial Registration: ACTRN12608000556347.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Vidovich_2009, doi = {10.1186/1745-6215-10-114}, url = {}, year = 2009, month = {dec}, publisher = {Springer Nature}, volume = {10}, number = {1}, author = {Mandy R Vidovich and Nicola T Lautenschlager and Leon Flicker and Linda Clare and Osvaldo P Almeida}, title = {The {PACE} Study: A randomised clinical trial of cognitive activity ({CA}) for older adults with mild cognitive impairment ({MCI})}, journal = {Trials} }


aged, aging, cognition, cognition disorders, dementia, female, health promotion, health status, humans, male, patient education as topic, prevention & control, severity of illness index, therapy

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes

Cognition, Quality of Life of Person With Dementia



Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Adult safeguarding and abuse detection/prevention