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Early-stage memory loss support groups: outcomes from a randomized controlled clinical trial


Logsdon, Rebecca G., Pike, Kenneth C., McCurry, Susan M., Hunter, Patricia, Maher, Joanne, Snyder, Lisa, Teri, Linda


The Journals Of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences And Social Sciences, Volume: 65, No.: 6, Pages.: 691-697

Year of Publication



Objectives: This article describes results of a randomized controlled trial comparing a time-limited early-stage memory loss (ESML) support group program conducted by a local Alzheimer’s Association chapter to a wait-list (WL) control condition.; Methods: One hundred and forty-two dyads were randomized in blocks to ESML (n = 96) or WL (n = 46). Mean age of participants was 74.9 years, and mean Mini-Mental State Examination was 23.4. The primary outcome was participant’s quality of life; secondary outcomes included mood, family communication, and perceived stress.; Results: On the intent-to-treat (ITT) pre-post analysis, significant differences were seen in participant quality of life (p < .001), depression (p < .01), and family communication (p < .05). Within the care partner groups, there was no significant difference between ESML and WL in the ITT analysis. A post hoc exploratory examination of changes that were associated with improved quality of life in ESML participants revealed significant reductions of depressive symptoms and behavior problems (p < .05), improved family communication (p < .05), self-efficacy (p < .01), Medical Outcomes Study short form (SF-36) role-emotional (p < .05), SF-36 social functioning (p < .05), and SF-36 mental health components (p < .01) in improvers.; Discussion: These results support the efficacy of ESML support groups for individuals with dementia.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Logsdon_2010, doi = {10.1093/geronb/gbq054}, url = {}, year = 2010, month = {aug}, publisher = {Oxford University Press ({OUP})}, volume = {65B}, number = {6}, pages = {691--697}, author = {R. G. Logsdon and K. C. Pike and S. M. McCurry and P. Hunter and J. Maher and L. Snyder and L. Teri}, title = {Early-Stage Memory Loss Support Groups: Outcomes from a Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial}, journal = {The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences} }


aged, communication, family, female, group, health status, humans, interpersonal relations, loss, male, memory, memory disorders, neuropsychological tests, prevention & control, programme, psychology, quality of life, self efficacy, stress, psychological, support, therapy, treatment outcome

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified), Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes

Behaviour, Depression and Anxiety, Quality of Life of Person With Dementia



Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Memory clinic / assessment centre