This site uses cookies to measure how you use the website so it can be updated and improved based on your needs and also uses cookies to help remember the notifications you’ve seen, like this one, so that we don’t show them to you again. If you could also tell us a little bit about yourself, this information will help us understand how we can support you better and make this site even easier for you to use and navigate.

Potential of Snoezelen room multisensory stimulation to improve balance in individuals with dementia: a feasibility randomized controlled trial


Klages, Kelsey, Zecevic, Aleksandra, Orange, Joseph B., Hobson, Sandra


Clinical Rehabilitation, Volume: 25, No.: 7, Pages.: 607-616

Year of Publication



Objective: To investigate the influence of multisensory stimulations in a Snoezelen room on the balance of individuals with dementia.; Design: Randomized controlled trial.; Setting: Canadian long-term care home.; Participants: Twenty-four residents (average age 86 years), in a long-term care home diagnosed with dementia, were assigned randomly to intervention and control groups. Nineteen participants completed the study.; Interventions: Nine intervention group participants completed 30-minute Snoezelen room sessions twice a week for six weeks. Sessions were guided by participants’ preferences for stimulation. Interactions with tactile, visual and proprioceptive sensations were encouraged. Ten control group participants received an equal amount of volunteer visits.; Main Outcome Measures: The Functional Reach Test, the eyes-open Sharpened Romberg and the Timed Up and Go Test with and without dual task, assessed static and dynamic balance at baseline and after the intervention. Falls frequencies were recorded six weeks before, during and after intervention. A journal was kept of observations in Snoezelen room.; Results: Split-plot MANOVA analyses revealed no significant effects of unstructured Snoezelen room sessions on participants’ balance. There were no multivariate effects of time (F(4,14) = 1.13, P = 0.38) or group (F(4,14) = 0.63, P = 0.65). Group membership did not alter falls frequency. However, observations of participants’ interactions with elements of the Snoezelen room, such as imagery-induced head and eye movements, vibrating sensations and kicking activities, captured events that can be used to create specific multisensory balance-enhancing stimulations.; Conclusions: Although the null hypothesis was not rejected, further investigation of a potential to influence balance in individuals with dementia through Snoezelen room intervention in long-term care homes is warranted.;


aged, aged, 80 and over, balance, complications, dementia, diagnosis, environment design, etiology, falls, feasibility studies, female, geriatric assessment, health facility environment, homes for the aged, humans, intervention studies, male, multi, nursing homes, physical stimulation, physiology, postural balance, reference values, rehabilitation, sensation disorders, sensory, sensory art therapies, severity of illness index, snoezelen, therapy, treatment outcome

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes

ADLs/IADLs, Other, Physical Health


Long Term Residential Care without medically trained staff

Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions