This site uses cookies to measure how you use the website so it can be updated and improved based on your needs and also uses cookies to help remember the notifications you’ve seen, like this one, so that we don’t show them to you again. If you could also tell us a little bit about yourself, this information will help us understand how we can support you better and make this site even easier for you to use and navigate.

De invloed van Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) op moeilijk hanteerbaar gedrag van mensen met dementie en de arbeidstevredenheid van verzorgenden: Een pilotstudie. = The influence of Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) on behavioural problems of persons with dementia and the job satisfaction of caregivers: A pilot study


Kuiper, D., Dijkstra, G. J., Tuinstra, J., Groothoff, J. W.


Tijdschrift voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie, Volume: 40, No.: 3, Pages.: 102-112

Year of Publication



The prevalence of behavioural problems in nursing home residents with dementia is high. Knowledge based on practical experiences suggests that problems diminish when caregivers are better able to recognize and acknowledge the individual psychosocial needs of residents. Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) is a method designed to support caregivers in providing person centered care. After implementing two DCM-cycli in a Dutch care facility changes in behaviour and level of agitation of clients with dementia and changes in job satisfaction of caregivers were evaluated in a One-Group Pretest-Posttest design. The GIP-28 (Dutch Behavioral Rating Scale for Psychogeriatric Inpatients) and the CMAI (Cohen Mansfield Agitation Inventory) were used to measure potential changes in behaviour and level of agitation of the clients. The MAS-GZ (Maastricht Scale of Satisfaction with Labour in Health Care) was used to measure potential changes in job satisfaction of caregivers. The data of 45 clients with dementia and 27 caregivers were analyzed. They stayed and worked in seven different wards of the care facility including day-care for clients who were still living at home, group care and small-scale-living care for residential clients. The results of this pilot study show that problems related to affective behaviour (subscale GIP-28: emotions of anxiety, mistrust and melancholy) as well as verbal agitation (subscale CMAI: excessively asking for attention, complaining and negativism) decreased in the group clients with dementia. No changes occurred in the other subscales and in the total score of the GIP-28 and CMAI. The overall job satisfaction of caregivers did not change, but their contentment with the extent to which they feel connected with clients improved. In conclusion, the results of this pilot study indicate that implementing DCM in care facilities for persons with dementia could have some positive consequences for both clients and caregivers. A large-scale controlled trial including diagnosis and stage of dementia as baseline measures, is recommended. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved). (journal abstract)

Bibtex Citation

@article{Kuiper_2009, doi = {10.1007/bf03079572}, url = {}, year = 2009, month = {jun}, publisher = {Springer Science $mathplus$ Business Media}, volume = {40}, number = {3}, pages = {102--112}, author = {D. Kuiper and G. J. Dijkstra and J. Tuinstra and J. W. Groothoff}, title = {De invloed van Dementia Care Mapping ({DCM}) op moeilijk hanteerbaar gedrag van mensen met dementie en de arbeidstevredenheid van verzorgenden: een pilotstudie}, journal = {{GEEG}} }


behavior problems, behavioral problems, care, caregivers, dementia, dementia care mapping, disorder prevalence, epidemiology, health care services, job, job satisfaction, mapping, satisfaction, stereotaxic atlas

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Before and After Study

Type of Outcomes

Behaviour, Depression and Anxiety, Other carer outcomes (e.g. financial burden and more)


Extra Care Housing, Long Term Residential Care without medically trained staff

Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment, Workforce oriented interventions

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Case management / Care navigator

Workforce Interventions

Professional Training / Continuing Professional Development