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Assessing the impact and social perception of self-regulated music stimulation with patients with Alzheimer’s disease


Lancioni, Giulio E., O’Reilly, Mark F., Singh, Nirbhay N., Sigafoos, Jeff, Grumo, Gianluca, Pinto, Katia, Stasolla, Fabrizio, Signorino, Mario, Groeneweg, Jop


Research In Developmental Disabilities, Volume: 34, No.: 1, Pages.: 139-146

Year of Publication



We assessed the impact and social rating of an active and a passive music condition implemented with six patients with Alzheimer’s disease. In the active condition, the patients used a simple hand response and a microswitch to self-regulate music stimulation inputs. In the passive condition, music stimulation was automatically presented throughout the sessions. Active and passive stimulation sessions were preceded and followed by control (non-stimulation) sessions. The active condition sessions showed an increase in the patients’ indices of positive participation (e.g., singing or music-related movements, and smiles) greater than that observed in the passive condition sessions for five of the six patients. Positive intervention effects could also spread to the post-intervention sessions. Social raters (42 care and rehabilitation staff members working with persons with multiple disabilities) favored the active condition on a six-item questionnaire dealing with, among others, conditions’ suitability, respect of patients’ dignity and independence, and practicality. The implications of the findings as to the plausibility/desirability of an active stimulation condition were discussed.; Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Bibtex Citation

@article{Lancioni_2013, doi = {10.1016/j.ridd.2012.07.026}, url = {}, year = 2013, month = {jan}, publisher = {Elsevier {BV}}, volume = {34}, number = {1}, pages = {139--146}, author = {Giulio E. Lancioni and Mark F. O'Reilly and Nirbhay N. Singh and Jeff Sigafoos and Gianluca Grumo and Katia Pinto and Fabrizio Stasolla and Mario Signorino and Jop Groeneweg}, title = {Assessing the impact and social perception of self-regulated music stimulation with patients with Alzheimer{textquotesingle}s disease}, journal = {Research in Developmental Disabilities} }


aged, aged, 80 and over, alzheimer disease, female, humans, male, methods, music, music therapy, participation, positive, psychology, questionnaires, rehabilitation, self stimulation, severity of illness index, social behavior, social perception, standards, therapy

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Alzheimer’s Disease

Types of Study

Before and After Study

Type of Outcomes


Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Arts and Music Interventions (including Art and Music Therapy)