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This database contains 19 studies, archived under the term: "Alzheimer disease"

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Thyroid medication use and subsequent development of dementia of the Alzheimer type

Associations between medication use and the development of Alzheimer disease have been investigated since the late 1900s. Thyroid hormone supplementation is rarely a studied medication class in this area of research. We examined data from participants enrolled in longitudinal studies at the Washington University Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center for associations between thyroid disease, thyroid hormone […]

Utility of combinations of biomarkers, cognitive markers, and risk factors to predict conversion from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer disease in patients in the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative

Context: Biomarkers have become increasingly important in understanding neurodegenerative processes associated with Alzheimer disease. Markers include regional brain volumes, cerebrospinal fluid measures of pathological Aβ1-42 and total tau, cognitive measures, and individual risk factors. Objective: To determine the discriminative utility of different classes of biomarkers and cognitive markers by examining their ability to predict a […]

Treatment of vascular risk factors is associated with slower decline in Alzheimer disease

Background: There is growing evidence that vascular risk factors (VRF) contribute to cognitive decline. Whether their treatment can slow down the progression of Alzheimer disease (AD) remains unsettled. The aim of this observational study was to evaluate whether the treatment of VRF is associated with a slower cognitive decline in patients who have AD without […]

Brain stimulation in Alzheimer disease

Recent studies have reported enhanced performance on specific cognitive tasks in patients with several types of neurological disease, after receiving non invasive brain stimulation (BS), i.e., repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) or transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) to specific cortical areas. In addition, persistent beneficial effects of off-line rTMS on sentence comprehension in Alzheimer disease […]

Effectiveness of a condensed protocol for disclosing APOE genotype and providing risk education for Alzheimer disease

Purpose: Brief, effective models of patient genetic education are needed for common, complex diseases. Using Alzheimer disease as a model, we compared participants’ risk knowledge and recall in extended versus condensed education protocols.; Methods: A four-site randomized clinical trial enrolled 280 first-degree relatives of individuals with Alzheimer disease (mean age = 58 years, 71% female); […]

Greater responsiveness to donepezil in Alzheimer patients with higher levels of acetylcholinesterase based on attention task scores and a donepezil PET study

The aim of the study was to predict donepezil responders among patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) based on cognitive tests and positron emission tomography. The Mini-Mental State Examination, Digit Symbol subtest (DigSm) of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Revised, and Trail-Making Test A were administered for 80 patients with AD to assess global function, attention, and […]

The antipsychotic discontinuation in Alzheimer disease trial: clinical rationale and study design

Objectives: : Research studies on the effects of discontinuing antipsychotic medications in patients with dementia have not identified specific target symptoms or response to antipsychotics prior to discontinuation. The Antipsychotic Discontinuation in Alzheimer Disease (ADAD) trial addresses these issues in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter risperidone treatment and discontinuation trial. In Phase A, AD patients […]

Three-week nutritional supplementation effect on long-term nutritional status of patients with mild Alzheimer disease

Short-term nutritional supplements enable an improvement in Alzheimer patients’ nutritional status, but it remains to be seen whether they will be sufficient to improve long-term nutritional status. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term impact of a 3-week nutritional supplementation on the nutritional status of undernourished patients with probable mild Alzheimer disease. […]

Effect of immunotherapy with bapineuzumab on cerebrospinal fluid biomarker levels in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease

Background: Given the slow and variable clinical course of Alzheimer disease, very large and extended clinical trials are needed to identify a beneficial clinical effect of disease-modifying treatments. Therefore, biomarkers are essential to prove that an anti-β-amyloid (Aβ) drug candidate affects both Aβ metabolism and plaque load as well as downstream pathogenic mechanisms.; Objective: To […]

CORDIAL: cognitive rehabilitation and cognitive-behavioral treatment for early dementia in Alzheimer disease: a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial

Cognitive rehabilitation (CR) is a promising treatment approach for older adults with dementia because it aims at supporting the management of day-to-day problems. There is insufficient evidence regarding whether CR provides clinically meaningful benefits. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility, acceptance, efficacy, and usefulness of a CR intervention in a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial […]

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