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This database contains 9 studies, archived under the term: "odds ratio"

Tea Consumption and Cognitive Impairment: A Cross-Sectional Study among Chinese Elderly

Background: Laboratorial and epidemiological researches suggested that tea exhibited potential neuroprotective effect which may prevent cognitive impairment, but there were few data among the elderly aged 60 years and above in China.; Objective: The objective was to explore the relationship between characteristics of tea consumption and cognitive impairment.; Design: We analyzed the baseline data from […]

The association of statin use and statin type and cognitive performance: analysis of the reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke (REGARDS) study

Background: Statin use and type have been variably associated with impaired or improved cognitive performance.; Hypothesis: To assess the association of statin use and type (lipophilic vs hydrophilic) and cognitive impairment.; Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 24 595 participants (7191 statin users and 17 404 nonusers) age > or = 45 years, from a population-based national […]

Efficacy and safety of Cerebrolysin in moderate to moderately severe Alzheimer’s disease: results of a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial investigating three dosages of Cerebrolysin

Background: cerebrolysin is a neuropeptide preparation mimicking the effects of neurotrophic factors. This subgroup analysis assessed safety and efficacy of Cerebrolysin in patients with moderate to moderately severe Alzheimer’s disease (AD) (ITT data set: N = 133; MMSE: 14-20) included in a dose-finding study (ITT data set: N = 51; MMSE: 14-25). Results of the […]

Effectiveness of donepezil in reducing clinical worsening in patients with mild-to-moderate alzheimer’s disease

Background: Therapeutic endpoints based on reduced clinical worsening represent clinically relevant and realistic goals for patients suffering from progressive neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD).; Methods: Data from 906 patients (388 receiving placebo; 518 receiving donepezil) with mild-to-moderate AD [Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score 10-27] were pooled from 3 randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled studies. Clinical […]

Hospice use and outcomes in nursing home residents with advanced dementia

Objectives: To identify characteristics of nursing home (NH) residents with advanced dementia and their healthcare proxies (HCPs) associated with hospice referral and to examine the association between hospice use and the treatment of pain and dyspnea and unmet needs during the last 7 days of life.; Design: Prospective cohort study.; Setting: Twenty-two Boston-area NHs.; Participants: […]

25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels and cognitive performance and decline in elderly men

Objective: To test the hypothesis that lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels are associated with a greater likelihood of cognitive impairment and risk of cognitive decline.; Methods: We measured 25(OH)D and assessed cognitive function using the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS) and Trail Making Test Part B (Trails B) in a cohort of 1,604 men enrolled […]

Risk of cerebrovascular accident associated with use of antipsychotics: population-based case-control study

Objectives: To explore the association between use of antipsychotics and risk of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) in individuals with dementia aged 65 and older.; Design: Population-based case-control study.; Setting: UK-based electronic primary care records in the General Practice Research Database (GPRD).; Participants: Individuals with dementia aged 65 and older registered in the database between January 1, […]

Serum vitamin D deficiency as a predictor of incident non-Alzheimer dementias: a 7-year longitudinal study

Background: Hypovitaminosis D has been cross-sectionally associated with dementia and stroke. The objective of this longitudinal study was to determine whether serum vitamin D deficiency at baseline could predict the onset of non-Alzheimer dementias (NAD) within 7 years among older women.; Methods: Forty high-functioning older women (78.4 years, 76.4/82.0; median, 25th/75th percentile) from the EPIDOS […]

Renin-angiotensin system blockade and cognitive function in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease: analysis of data from the ONTARGET and TRANSCEND studies

Background: cardiovascular risk factors are associated with dementia and cognitive decline. We investigated the effects of renin-angiotensin system blockade on cognitive function in patients aged 55 years and older with established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease or diabetes with end-organ damage in two clinical trials.; Methods: in the main study, ONTARGET, a double-blind, double-dummy, randomised controlled trial, […]

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