This database contains 25 studies, archived under the term: "incidence"
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Activity loss is associated with cognitive decline in age-related macular degeneration
Background/methods: The objective of this study was to determine whether relinquishing cognitive, physical, and social activities is associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We conducted a 3-year longitudinal study of 206 nondemented patients with AMD.; Results: Twenty-three subjects (14.4%) declined cognitively. Age, sex, education, decline in […]
Vitamin D and risk of cognitive decline in elderly persons
Background: To our knowledge, no prospective study has examined the association between vitamin D and cognitive decline or dementia.; Methods: We determined whether low levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) were associated with an increased risk of substantial cognitive decline in the InCHIANTI population-based study conducted in Italy between 1998 and 2006 with follow-up assessments […]
Incidence and prediction of falls in dementia: a prospective study in older people
Background: Falls are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in dementia, but there have been no prospective studies of risk factors for falling specific to this patient population, and no successful falls intervention/prevention trials. This prospective study aimed to identify modifiable risk factors for falling in older people with mild to moderate dementia.; Methods […]
Atypical antipsychotic use and parkinsonism in dementia: effects of drug, dose, and sex
Background: Differences between atypical antipsychotics in their potential to cause parkinsonism and risk factors for antipsychotic-induced parkinsonism are not well established. There is a particular paucity of information on this in real-world use of these drugs, outside of clinical trial settings.; Objective: We compared the incidence of parkinsonism after new treatment with risperidone, olanzapine, or […]