This site uses cookies to measure how you use the website so it can be updated and improved based on your needs and also uses cookies to help remember the notifications you’ve seen, like this one, so that we don’t show them to you again. If you could also tell us a little bit about yourself, this information will help us understand how we can support you better and make this site even easier for you to use and navigate.

Incidence of dementia is increased in type 2 diabetes and reduced by the use of sulfonylureas and metformin


Hsu, Chih-Cheng, Wahlqvist, Mark L., Lee, Meei-Shyuan, Tsai, Hsin-Ni


Journal Of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD, Volume: 24, No.: 3, Pages.: 485-493

Year of Publication



To determine incidence of dementia in type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients, and whether there are adverse or favorable effects of oral agents (OA) in DM, we obtained a representative cohort of 800,000 from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance database. Those who, as of on January 1, 2000, were 50 years or older and dementia free (n = 127,209) were followed until December 31, 2007, in relation to absence (n = 101,816) or presence (n = 25,393) of T2DM, and whether any OA was used. Dementia was ascertained by ICD9-CM or A-code. Dementia incidence densities (DID) and fully adjusted Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate association between dementia, DM, and OA. Notably, DID (per 10,000 person-years)was markedly increased with DM (without medication), compared to DM free subjects (119 versus 46). Using non-DM as reference, the adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) (95% confidence interval) for DM without and with OA were 2.41 (2.17–2.66) and 1.62 (1.49–1.77), respectively. For T2DM, compared with no medication, sulfonylureas alone reduced the HR from 1 to 0.85 (0.71–1.01), metformin alone to 0.76 (0.58–0.98), while with combined oral therapy the HR was 0.65 (0.56–0.74). Adjustments included cerebrovascular diseases so that non-stroke related dementias were found to be decreased in DM with sulfonylurea and metformin therapy. T2DM increases the risk of dementia more than 2-fold. On the other hand, sulfonylureas may decrease the risk of dementia, as does metformin; together, these 2 OAs decrease the risk of dementia in T2DM patients by 35% over 8 years.;


2, aged, aged, 80 and over, analysis of variance, and, cohort studies, dementia, diabetes, diabetes mellitus type 2, drug therapy, epidemiology, female, humans, hypoglycemic agents, incidence, insurance health, male, metformin, middle aged, or, prevalence, retrospective studies, statistics & numerical data, sulfonylurea compounds, sulfonylureas, taiwan, therapeutic use, type, use

Countries of Study


Type of Interventions

Risk Factor Modification

Risk Factor Modifications

At risk population