This database contains 250 studies, archived under the term: "cognition"
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Olive oil and cognition: results from the three-city study
Background: Olive oil is a major component of the Mediterranean diet suggested to be beneficial to counteract Alzheimer’s disease.; Aim Of the Study: Our objective was to examine the association between olive oil use, cognitive deficit and cognitive decline in a large elderly population.; Methods: We followed 6,947 subjects with a brief baseline food frequency […]
Results of the citalopram to enhance cognition in Huntington disease trial
Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate citalopram for executive functioning in Huntington’s disease (HD).; Methods: The study was randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled. Thirty-three adults with HD, cognitive complaints, and no depression (Hamilton Depression [HAM-D] rating scale ≤ 12) were administered citalopram 20 mg or placebo (7 visits, 20 weeks), with practice and […]
Hostility and change in cognitive function over time in older blacks and whites
Objective: To test whether the level of hostility predicted the rate of cognitive decline in a community of older blacks and whites and whether the association varied as a function of race.; Methods: Over 4800 persons from a defined community in Chicago completed up to three structured interviews at approximately 3 year intervals over a […]
Exergaming and older adult cognition: a cluster randomized clinical trial
Background: Dementia cases may reach 100 million by 2050. Interventions are sought to curb or prevent cognitive decline. Exercise yields cognitive benefits, but few older adults exercise. Virtual reality-enhanced exercise or “exergames” may elicit greater participation.; Purpose: To test the following hypotheses: (1) stationary cycling with virtual reality tours (“cybercycle”) will enhance executive function and […]
Lipid lowering agents, cognitive decline, and dementia: the three-city study
The aim of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the effects of lipid lowering agent (LLA) intake on cognitive function in 6,830 community-dwelling elderly persons. Cognitive performance (global cognitive functioning, visual memory, verbal fluency, psychomotor speed, and executive function), clinical diagnosis of dementia, and fibrate and statin use, were evaluated at baseline, and 2, […]