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This database contains 55 studies, archived under the term: "Prevention and/or management of co-morbidities"

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Multifactorial fall prevention for pairs of frail community-dwelling older fallers and their informal caregivers: a dead end for complex interventions in the frailest fallers

Objective: To assess whether a multifactorial fall prevention program was more effective than usual geriatric care in preventing falls and reducing fear of falling in frail community-dwelling older fallers, with and without cognitive impairment, and in alleviating subjective caregiver burden in caregivers.; Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized, 2 parallel-group, single-blind, multicenter trial conducted in […]

Effectiveness of balance training exercise in people with mild to moderate severity Alzheimer’s disease: protocol for a randomised trial

Background: Balance dysfunction and falls are common problems in later stages of dementia. Exercise is a well-established intervention to reduce falls in cognitively intact older people, although there is limited randomised trial evidence of outcomes in people with dementia. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate whether a home-based balance exercise programme improves […]

Continuous dopaminergic stimulation by Duodopa in advanced Parkinson’s disease: Efficacy and safety

Introduction: When advanced Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients experience motor complications (fluctuations and dyskinesias) despite standard oral treatment, two treatment options are available: deep brain stimulation and subcutaneous apomorphine infusion with respects of indications for each strategy. Continuous intraduodenal infusion of levodopa (Duodopa) via a gastrojejunal tube may be proposed at this stage of the disease […]

Efficacy and safety of memantine in Lewy body dementia

Lewy body dementia (LBD) is a progressive brain disease manifest as dementia and parkinsonism, along with psychotic and autonomic disorders. Although studies in recent years have demonstrated the positive effects of cholinesterase inhibitors in LBD, the search for therapeutic agents with other mechanisms of action remains relevant. An open, controlled, 16-week study was performed with […]

Effect of music therapy on anxiety and depression in patients with Alzheimer’s type dementia: randomised, controlled study

Background/aims: Numerous studies have indicated the value of music therapy in the management of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. A recent pilot study demonstrated the feasibility and usefulness of a new music therapy technique. The aim of this controlled, randomised study was to assess the effects of this new music therapy technique on anxiety and depression […]

An open-label study of memantine treatment in 3 subtypes of frontotemporal lobar degeneration

There are currently no Food and Drug Administration-approved treatments for frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). The objectives of this study were to explore the tolerability of memantine treatment in FTLD and to monitor for possible effects on behavior, cognition, and function. Forty-three individuals who met clinical criteria for FTLD [21 with frontotemporal dementia (FTD), 13 with […]

Cognitive decline from estimated premorbid status predicts neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s disease

This study investigated the relationship between premorbid and current cognitive function with respect to the clinical features of patients with various types of neurodegeneration in the form of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and subjective cognitive impairment (SCI), as compared with a healthy control group (C). Clinical features (MMSE, cognitive and depressive symptoms), […]

Incidence and prediction of falls in dementia: a prospective study in older people

Background: Falls are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in dementia, but there have been no prospective studies of risk factors for falling specific to this patient population, and no successful falls intervention/prevention trials. This prospective study aimed to identify modifiable risk factors for falling in older people with mild to moderate dementia.; Methods […]

The OPERA trial: protocol for a randomised trial of an exercise intervention for older people in residential and nursing accommodation

Background: Depression is common in residents of Residential and Nursing homes (RNHs). It is usually undetected and often undertreated. Depression is associated with poor outcomes including increased morbidity and mortality. Exercise has potential to improve depression, and has been shown in existing trials to improve outcomes among younger and older people. Existing evidence comes from […]

Prevention of depression and sleep disturbances in elderly with memory-problems by activation of the biological clock with light–a randomized clinical trial

Background: Depression frequently occurs in the elderly and in patients suffering from dementia. Its cause is largely unknown, but several studies point to a possible contribution of circadian rhythm disturbances. Post-mortem studies on aging, dementia and depression show impaired functioning of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) which is thought to be involved in the increased prevalence […]

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