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This database contains 11 studies, archived under the term: "cognitive ability"

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Decreased self-reported cognitive failures after memory training

In recent years, attention has been focused on investigating the effectiveness of composite memory intervention programs with different age and diagnostics groups. The goal of this study was to measure changes in cognitive lapses by Cognitive Failure Questionnaire (CFQ) in a large trained, dementia free group (Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE] > 26). The CFQ was […]

Vitamins B₁₂, B₆, and folic acid for cognition in older men

[Correction Notice: An erratum for this article was reported in Vol 77(8) of Neurology (see record [rid]2011-21984-022[/rid]). In the original article, the daily dose of vitamin B12 used in the trial was reported as 400 μg, but it should have been 500 μg.] Objective: To investigate whether supplementing older men with vitamins B12, B6, and […]

Changes in cognitive functions of patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type following long-term administration of donepezil hydrochloride: Relating to changes attributable to differences in apolipoprotein E phenotype

Aim: We conducted a study of changes in cognitive functions by long-term monitoring of dementia of Alzheimer type (DAT) patients to investigate the relationship between the progression of DAT symptoms and the presence of apolipoprotein (ApoE)4. Methods: The subjects consisted of 40 DAT patients who had been treated with donepezil for 3 years or more. […]

Interaction effects of education and health status on cognitive change: A 6-year follow-up of the Maastricht Aging Study

Objectives: The aim of this study was to test for interactions between education and health status (i.e., physical, social, and psychological functioning) with respect to baseline cognitive performance and change over 6 years. Method: Longitudinal data from the Maastricht Aging Study of 1344 men and women aged 24-47 and 49-77 were used. Results: Education by […]

Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: A randomized trial

Context: Many observational studies have shown that physical activity reduces the risk of cognitive decline; however, evidence from randomized trials is lacking. Objective: To determine whether physical activity reduces the rate of cognitive decline among older adults at risk. Design and Setting: Randomized controlled trial of a 24-week physical activity intervention conducted between 2004 and […]

Cognitive effects of quetiapine in a patient with dementia with Lewy bodies

A recent large-scale randomized controlled clinical trial, the Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness-Alzheimer’s Disease study, found a significant worsening of cognitive functioning in a sample of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. To date there have been no equally powered studies examining the cognitive effects of atypical antipsychotics in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies, the […]

Cognitive output of a neuropsychological stimulation program in an elderly day care center with low educated participants: An observational study

Objective: In the present paper we present an observational study of the implementation of a Neuropsychological Stimulation Program at an Elderly Day Care Center in low-educated participants with very similar backgrounds concerning social economic status. Methods: The implemented program tackled several dimensions, including daily orientation sessions, cognitive stimulation sessions twice a week, followed by movement […]

The impact of supplemental macular carotenoids in Alzheimer’s disease: A randomized clinical trial

Background: Patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) exhibit significantly less macular pigment (MP) and poorer vision when compared to control subjects. Objective: To investigate supplementation with the macular carotenoids on MP, vision, and cognitive function in patients with AD versus controls. Methods: A randomized, double-blind clinical trial with placebo and active arms. 31 AD patients and […]

Encouraging lifestyle behaviour change in mild cognitive impairment patients: Development of appropriate educational material

Objectives: A healthy lifestyle may help maintain cognitive function and reduce the risk of developing dementia. This study employed a focus group approach in order to gain insight into opinions of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, caregivers (CG) and health professionals (HP) regarding lifestyle and its relationship with cognition. The qualitative data were used to […]

Ten‐year trajectory of potentially inappropriate medications in very old women: Importance of cognitive status

Objectives: To determine which older adults tend to receive potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs), how this may differ according to cognitive status, and how the trajectories of PIM use change over time. Design: Ten-year longitudinal cohort study. Setting: Three clinical sites in the United States. Participants: One thousand four hundred eighty-four community-dwelling women aged 75 and […]

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