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Encouraging lifestyle behaviour change in mild cognitive impairment patients: Development of appropriate educational material


Neville, Charlotte E., McCourt, Hannah J., McKinley, Michelle C., Lowis, Carole, Barrett, Suzanne L., McGuinness, Bernadette, Todd, Stephen, Lawlor, Brian, Gibb, Matthew, Coen, Robert F., Passmore, Anthony P., Woodside, Jayne V.


Aging & Mental Health, Volume: 17, No.: 3, Pages.: 276-286

Year of Publication



Objectives: A healthy lifestyle may help maintain cognitive function and reduce the risk of developing dementia. This study employed a focus group approach in order to gain insight into opinions of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, caregivers (CG) and health professionals (HP) regarding lifestyle and its relationship with cognition. The qualitative data were used to design, develop and pilot test educational material (EM) to help encourage lifestyle behaviour change. Method: Data gathering phase: structured interviews were conducted with HP (n = 10), and focus groups with MCI patients (n = 24) and CG (n = 12). EM was developed and pilot tested with a new group of MCI patients (n = 21) and CG (n = 6). Results: HP alluded to the lack of clinical trial evidence for a lifestyle and MCI risk link. Although they felt that lifestyle modifications should be recommended to MCI patients, they appeared hesitant in communicating this information and discussions were often patient-driven. MCI patients lacked awareness of the lifestyle cognition link. Participants preferred EM to be concise, eye-catching and in written format, with personal delivery of information favoured. Most pilot testers approved of the EM but were heterogeneous in terms of lifestyle, willingness to change and support needed to change. Conclusion: MCI patients need to be made more aware of the importance of lifestyle for cognition. EM such as those developed here, which are specifically tailored for this population would be valuable for HP who, currently, appear reticent in initiating lifestyle-related discussions. Following further evaluation, the EM could be used in health promotion activities targeting MCI patients. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). (journal abstract)

Bibtex Citation

@article{Neville_2013, doi = {10.1080/13607863.2013.768210}, url = {}, year = 2013, month = {apr}, publisher = {Informa {UK} Limited}, volume = {17}, number = {3}, pages = {276--286}, author = {Charlotte E. Neville and Hannah J. McCourt and Michelle C. McKinley and Carole Lowis and Suzanne L. Barrett and Bernadette McGuinness and Stephen Todd and Brian Lawlor and Matthew Gibb and Robert F. Coen and Anthony P. Passmore and Jayne V. Woodside}, title = {Encouraging lifestyle behaviour change in mild cognitive impairment patients: development of appropriate educational material}, journal = {Aging {&} Mental Health} }


at risk populations, behavour, change, cognitive ability, cognitive function, cognitive impairment, dementia, dementia risk, development, education, educational, health education, health educational materials, lifestyle, lifestyle behavior change, lifestyle changes, material, mild cognitive impairment, of

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

Types of Study

Focus Group, Interview Study



Type of Interventions

Risk Factor Modification

Risk Factor Modifications

At risk population