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The moderating influence of demographic characteristics, social support, and religious coping on the effectiveness of a multicomponent psychosocial caregiver intervention in three racial ethnic groups


Lee, Chin C., Czaja, Sara J., Schulz, Richard


The Journals Of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences And Social Sciences, Volume: 65B, No.: 2, Pages.: 185-194

Year of Publication



This article extends the findings from the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer’s Caregiver Health (REACH II) program, a multisite randomized clinical trial of a multicomponent psychosocial intervention, to improve the well-being of informal caregivers (CGs) of persons with dementia. We used residual change scores and stepwise hierarchical regression analyses to explore separately in 3 racial ethnic groups (Hispanic or Latino, Black or African American, and White or Caucasian) how the effects of the intervention were moderated by CG characteristics (sex, age, education, and relationship), CG resources (social support), and religious coping. The results indicated that CG’s age and religious coping moderated the effects of the intervention for Hispanics and Blacks. The older Hispanic and Black CGs who received the intervention reported a decrease in CG burden from baseline to follow-up. Black CGs with less religious coping who received the intervention also reported a decrease in depressive symptoms from baseline to follow-up.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Lee_2010, doi = {10.1093/geronb/gbp131}, url = {}, year = 2010, month = {jan}, publisher = {Oxford University Press ({OUP})}, volume = {65B}, number = {2}, pages = {185--194}, author = {C. C. Lee and S. J. Czaja and R. Schulz}, title = {The Moderating Influence of Demographic Characteristics, Social Support, and Religious Coping on the Effectiveness of a Multicomponent Psychosocial Caregiver Intervention in Three Racial Ethnic Groups}, journal = {The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences} }


adaptation psychological, adult, african continental ancestry group, aged, aged, 80 and over, alzheimers, caregiver, caregivers, communityinstitutional relations, cost of illness, demography, depressive disorder, enhancing, european continental ancestry group, female, for, health, hispanic americans, humans, ii, male, methods, middle aged, program, psychology, psychotherapy, questionnaires, reach, religion and psychology, resources, social support, statistics & numerical data, therapy, young adult

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes

Carer Burden (instruments measuring burden), Carers’ Mental Health



Type of Interventions

Intervention for Carers

Carer Focussed Interventions

Wellbeing interventions (e.g. massage, physical health checks, relaxation techniques, self-care advice)