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The influence of Nintendo-Wii® bowling upon residents of retirement homes


Wittelsberger, R., Krug, S., Tittlbach, S., Bös, K.


Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie Und Geriatrie, Volume: 46, No.: 5, Pages.: 425-430

Year of Publication



The few studies dealing with the positive effects of health and well-being of older people are only one-sided. The aim of the study therefore was to analyze the effects of Nintendo-Wii® bowling on daily function, state of dementia, quality of life, cognition and motor skills in retirement home inhabitants. The study was performed with 27 study participants (13 women, 14 men) between the ages of 49 and 95 years (mean = 71, SD = 14). They were randomly assigned to a control group (KG) and an intervention group (IG). Between pre- and posttest, the IG played 60 min/twice a week Nintendo-Wii® Bowling over 6 weeks. The improvement of IG was significant in the analysis of variance concerning strength (arm curls: F df = 2 = 7.199; p = 0,013; η(2) = 0,231) and showed a significant trend concerning coordination (tracking lines: F df = 2 = 3.99; p = 0,058; η(2) = 0,154) compared with KG. The area of rapidity (catching bars: F df = 2 = 28.511; p = 0,008; η(2) = 0,279) showed a significant decline in the IG compared with the KG. However, closer examination shows that the short time of intervention and the wide age range could have affected the results. Thus, further studies should take these critical aspects into consideration.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Wittelsberger_2012, doi = {10.1007/s00391-012-0391-6}, url = {}, year = 2012, month = {dec}, publisher = {Springer Science $mathplus$ Business Media}, volume = {46}, number = {5}, pages = {425--430}, author = {R. Wittelsberger and S. Krug and S. Tittlbach and K. Bös}, title = {Auswirkungen von Nintendo-Wii{textregistered} Bowling auf Altenheimbewohner}, journal = {Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie} }


aged, aged, 80 and over, and, bowling, cognition disorders, comorbidity, coordination, dementia, epidemiology, exercise therapy, female, germany, humans, male, middle aged, motor activity, nintendo, nursing homes, prevalence, programme, rehabilitation, risk assessment, sports, statistics & numerical data, strength, treatment outcome, utilization, video games, wii

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes

ADLs/IADLs, Cognition, Other, Quality of Life of Person With Dementia


Nursing Homes

Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment, Technology (telephone, telecare, telehealth, robots, GPS)

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Exercise (inc. dancing)