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The impact of stimulus attributes on engagement of nursing home residents with dementia


Cohen-Mansfield, Jiska, Dakheel-Ali, Maha, Thein, Khin, Marx, Marcia S.


Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume: 49, No.: 1, Pages.: 1-6

Year of Publication



We examined the influence of stimulus attributes on the engagement of 69 nursing home residents with dementia. Specifically,we looked at work-related stimuli versus manipulative block stimuli, and whether the color, size, and material of a stimulus affect the duration and quality of engagement. Engagement was assessed using the Observational Measurement of Engagement (OME). Results revealed a clear preference for the work-related rather than manipulative block stimuli. In addition, the study participants showed a significant preference for small rather than large blocks, regardless of color or material. The effect of material and color was not statistically significant. These findings may assist nursing home caregivers who wish to provide appropriate stimuli for engaging nursing home residents with dementia. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). (journal abstract)

Bibtex Citation

@article{Cohen_Mansfield_2009, doi = {10.1016/j.archger.2008.04.002}, url = {}, year = 2009, month = {jul}, publisher = {Elsevier {BV}}, volume = {49}, number = {1}, pages = {1--6}, author = {Jiska Cohen-Mansfield and Maha Dakheel-Ali and Khin Thein and Marcia S. Marx}, title = {The impact of stimulus attributes on engagement of nursing home residents with dementia}, journal = {Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics} }


dementia, engagement, geriatric patients, involvement, nursing home residents, nursing homes, stimulation, stimuli, stimulus attributes, unspecified, various, with

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Cohort Study

Type of Outcomes



Nursing Homes

Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions