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Effectiveness of online cognitive behavioral therapy on family caregivers of people with dementia


Kwok, Timothy, Au, Alma, Wong, Bel, Ip, Isaac, Mak, Vivian, Ho, Florence


Clinical Interventions In Aging, Volume: 9, Pages.: 631-636

Year of Publication



Purpose: Family caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD) may receive caregiver training because of logistical constraints and privacy concerns. This study evaluated the effectiveness of an online intervention for family caregivers of PWD in improving their self-efficacy in managing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), and their emotion well-being.; Subjects and Methods: A total of 36 family caregivers of people with dementia participated in a 9-week online intervention based on the cognitive behavioral therapy model. Outcomes of the intervention were measured by the Chinese version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire and two domains of the Revised Scale for Caregiving Self-Efficacy. Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to compare the change in outcome variables.; Results: The severity of BPSD of PWD and BPSD-related distress in family caregivers showed a statistically significant reduction after the intervention. Subgroup analysis showed self-efficacy in controlling upsetting thoughts significantly improved in caregivers of PWD at moderate to severe stages.; Conclusion: Online cognitive behavioral therapy for family caregivers reduced BPSD of PWD and the related distress in their caregivers.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Kwok_2014, doi = {10.2147/cia.s56337}, url = {}, year = 2014, month = {apr}, publisher = {Dove Medical Press Ltd.}, pages = {631}, author = {Timothy Kwok and Alma Au and Bel Wong and Isaac Ip and Vivian Mak and Florence Ho}, title = {Effectiveness of online cognitive behavioral therapy on family caregivers of people with dementia}, journal = {{CIA}} }


adaptation psychological, adult, aged, 80 and over, bpsd, caregivers, carer, cbt, cognitive therapy, dementia, dementia caregiver, efficacy, emotional selfefficacy, female, humans, male, methods, middle aged, online, online intervention, psychological tests, psychology, questionnaires, self, self efficacy, therapy

Countries of Study

Hong Kong

Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Before and After Study

Type of Outcomes

Behaviour, Carers’ Mental Health, Other

Type of Interventions

Intervention for Carers

Carer Focussed Interventions

Training programmes / workshops including behavioural training


Technology – social media, online support, communication