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Effect of Active Music Therapy and Individualized Listening to Music on Dementia: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial


Raglio, A., Bellandi, D., Baiardi, P., Gianotti, M., Ubezio, M.C., Zanacchi, E., Granieri, E., Imbriani, M., Stramba-Badiale, M.


J Am Geriatr Soc, Volume: 63, No.: 8, Pages.: 1534-9

Year of Publication



OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of active music therapy (MT) and individualized listening to music (LtM) on behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSDs) in persons with dementia (PWDs). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Nine Italian institutions. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with moderate to severe dementia and BPSDs (N = 120) were randomized to one of three treatments. INTERVENTIONS: All groups received standard care (SC), and two groups attended 20 individualized MT or LtM sessions, twice a week, in addition to SC. MEASUREMENTS: The Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD), and Cornell-Brown Scale for Quality of Life in Dementia (CBS-QoL) were administered before treatment, after treatment, and at follow-up to evaluate behavioral and psychological outcomes. A specific coding scheme (Music Therapy Check List-Dementia) was used to evaluate the MT process. RESULTS: Behavioral assessment did not show significant differences between groups. All groups showed a reduction over time in NPI global score (P

Bibtex Citation

@article{Raglio_2015, doi = {10.1111/jgs.13558}, url = {}, year = 2015, month = {aug}, publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell}, volume = {63}, number = {8}, pages = {1534--1539}, author = {Alfredo Raglio and Daniele Bellandi and Paola Baiardi and Marta Gianotti and Maria Chiara Ubezio and Elisa Zanacchi and Enrico Granieri and Marcello Imbriani and Marco Stramba-Badiale}, title = {Effect of Active Music Therapy and Individualized Listening to Music on Dementia: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial}, journal = {Journal of the American Geriatrics Society} }


aged, aged, 80 and over, dementia, female, humans, male, methods, music, music therapy, psychiatric status rating scales, quality of life, rehabilitation, treatment outcome

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes

Behaviour, Depression and Anxiety, Quality of Life of Person With Dementia


Nursing Homes

Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Arts and Music Interventions (including Art and Music Therapy)