Alzheimer’s disease: is pacemaker implantation safe?
Year of Publication 2012
Aim: To evaluate the safety of pacemaker implantation in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD).; Methods: We reviewed all cases admitted to our institution between January 2008 and June 2009, with symptomatic bradyarrhythmia for whom a permanent pacemaker was implanted. Beginning in June 2009, we prospectively collected data from all patients with the same diagnosis and procedure. Patients with a diagnosis of AD were included in the study. The risks and frequency of complications due to the pacemaker implantation were evaluated. Because of the older age of patients, they were divided into 2 groups to define the effect of age on complication rate. Group 1 consisted of patients aged <75 years, and group 2 consisted of those who are ≥75 years.; Results: Among the 574 patients with permanent pacemaker, 20 patients (3.4%) had a diagnosis of AD. Three patients with an AD experienced a complication and all were in group 2. However, the rate of complication was not significant within groups (P = 1.000). Reoperation was needed for all of them, and it was significantly higher in patients with AD than in patients without a concomitant disease (P = .006). Patients in group 2 had 3 times higher rate of complication (21.4%) than those without an AD and aged ≥75 years (7.1%; P = .125).; Conclusion: Pacemaker implantation may be of risk in patients with AD, especially in those aged ≥75 years.;