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A randomized controlled trial exploring the effect of music on quality of life and depression in older people with dementia


Cooke, Marie, Moyle, Wendy, Shum, David, Harrison, Scott, Murfield, Jenny


Journal Of Health Psychology, Volume: 15, No.: 5, Pages.: 765-776

Year of Publication



This randomized controlled trial investigated the effect of live music on quality of life and depression in 47 older people with dementia using the Dementia Quality of Life and Geriatric Depression Scale. The control/reading group reported higher mid-point feelings of belonging than the music group (F(1, 45) = 6.672, p < .05). Sub-analyses of >or= 50 per cent music session attendance found improvements in self-esteem over time (F(2, 46) = 4.471, p < .05). Participants with scores that were suggestive of increased depressive symptoms had fewer depressive symptoms over time (F(2, 22) = 8.129, p < .01). Findings suggest music and reading activities can improve self-esteem, belonging and depression in some older people with dementia.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Cooke_2010, doi = {10.1177/1359105310368188}, url = {}, year = 2010, month = {jul}, publisher = {{SAGE} Publications}, volume = {15}, number = {5}, pages = {765--776}, author = {M. Cooke and W. Moyle and D. Shum and S. Harrison and J. Murfield}, title = {A Randomized Controlled Trial Exploring the Effect of Music on Quality of Life and Depression in Older People with Dementia}, journal = {Journal of Health Psychology} }


aged, aged, 80 and over, alzheimer disease, bibliotherapy, depressive disorder, female, homes for the aged, humans, male, mental status schedule, music therapy, nursing homes, psychology, quality of life, queensland

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes

Depression and Anxiety, Quality of Life of Person With Dementia

Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Arts and Music Interventions (including Art and Music Therapy)