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This database contains 13 studies, archived under the term: "data interpretation statistical"

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Cost-effectiveness of a health intervention program with risk reductions for getting demented: results of a Markov model in a Swedish/Finnish setting

Risk scores based on modifiable factors have recently been developed for dementia. This study aims to estimate the cost-effectiveness of a potential preventive intervention program meant to lower the score related to increased dementia risk. Analyses were based on a Markov model adapted to Swedish circumstances. Risk score categories and risk probabilities were derived from […]

The effects of ramipril in individuals at risk for Alzheimer’s disease: results of a pilot clinical trial

Research shows that certain antihypertensives taken during midlife confer Alzheimer’s disease (AD) related benefits in later life. We conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the extent to which the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I), ramipril, affects AD biomarkers including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid-β (Aβ) levels and ACE activity, arterial function, and cognition in participants with […]

Transdermal is better than oral: observational research of the satisfaction of caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease treated with rivastigmine

Background and Aims: Poor adherence to anti-dementia drugs is common among patients with Alzheimer’s disease. This study evaluated whether caregivers were more satisfied with, and patients more adherent to, transdermal rivastigmine than oral rivastigmine.; Methods: Neurologists, psychiatrists and geriatricians collected sociodemographic and clinical data from 1,078 patients and administered the Treatment Satisfaction with Medicines (SATMED-Q) […]

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of pridopidine in Huntington’s disease

We examined the effects of 3 dosages of pridopidine, a dopamine-stabilizing compound, on motor function and other features of Huntington’s disease, with additional evaluation of its safety and tolerability. This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in outpatient neurology clinics at 27 sites in the United States and Canada. Two hundred twenty-seven subjects enrolled from […]

Effects of low versus high frequencies of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on cognitive function and cortical excitability in Alzheimer’s dementia

The aim of the study was to compare the long-term efficacy of high versus low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), applied bilaterally over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), on cognitive function and cortical excitability of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Forty-five AD patients were randomly classified into three groups. The first two groups received […]

Validation of AclarusDx™, a blood-based transcriptomic signature for the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease

Biomarkers have gained an increased importance in the past years in helping physicians to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease (AD). This study was designed to identify a blood-based, transcriptomic signature that can differentiate AD patients from control subjects. The performance of the signature was then evaluated for robustness in an independent blinded sample population. RNA was extracted […]

A double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial of Melissa officinalis oil and donepezil for the treatment of agitation in Alzheimer’s disease

Background/aims: Behavioural and psychological symptoms (BPSD) are frequent in people with Alzheimer’s disease and cause considerable stress to patients and their carers. Antipsychotics have been widely used as a first-line treatment, resulting in an estimated 1,800 excess strokes and 1,600 excess deaths in the UK alone. Safe and effective alternatives are urgently needed. Based upon […]

Postmenopausal hormone therapy and subclinical cerebrovascular disease: the WHIMS-MRI Study

Objective: The Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS) hormone therapy (HT) trials reported that conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) with or without medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) increases risk for all-cause dementia and global cognitive decline. WHIMS MRI measured subclinical cerebrovascular disease as a possible mechanism to explain cognitive decline reported in WHIMS.; Methods: We contacted 2,345 women […]

Performance of FDG PET for detection of Alzheimer’s disease in two independent multicentre samples (NEST-DD and ADNI)

Aim: We investigated the performance of FDG PET using an automated procedure for discrimination between Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and controls, and studied the influence of demographic and technical factors.; Methods: FDG PET data were obtained from the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) [102 controls (76.0 +/- 4.9 years) and 89 AD patients (75.7 +/- 7.6 […]

Quality of life in nursing home residents with advanced dementia

Objectives: To examine quality of life (QOL) in nursing home (NH) residents with advanced dementia and identify correlates of QOL near the end of life.; Design: Cross-sectional data derived from NH records, interviews with residents’ surrogate decision-makers, QOL ratings by NH caregivers, and assessment of residents’ cognitive function.; Setting: Three NHs in Maryland.; Participants: A […]

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