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This database contains 1058 studies, archived under the term: "aged"

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Proton MR spectroscopy and white matter hyperintensities in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus and other dementias

The differentiation of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) from other types of dementia is a clinical challenge. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the role of proton MR spectroscopy (MRS) and white matter hyperintensities (WMH) in the diagnosis of INPH, predicting response to therapy and differentiating INPH from other dementias. The study included […]

Validity of the geriatric depression scale in nursing home residents: comparison of GDS-15, GDS-8, and GDS-4

Objective: To assess and compare the validity of the German 15-item version and shortened versions of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) for early detection of depression in nursing home residents with mild to moderate cognitive impairment (MMSE ≥ 15).; Methods: Data from 92 patients were analysed. The Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) was used as […]

Impact of serving method on the consumption of nutritional supplement drinks: randomized trial in older adults with cognitive impairment

Aim: To analyse the influence of serving method on compliance and consumption of nutritional supplement drinks in older adults with cognitive impairment.; Background: Oral nutritional supplement drinks have positive benefits on increasing nutritional status in undernourished older people leading to weight gain. However, consumption of these drinks is low and therefore limits their effectiveness.; Design: […]

Replication study to confirm the role of CYP2D6 polymorphism rs1080985 on donepezil efficacy in Alzheimer’s disease patients

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder often treated with donepezil, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. Response to donepezil is variable, probably based on patients’ genetic background in donepezil metabolizing enzymes, including cytochrome 2D6 (CYP2D6). We evaluated the association between clinical response to donepezil and a common variant (rs1080985) of CYP2D6, previously reported to be associated with […]

Low agreement between the modified diet and renal disease formula and the Cockcroft-Gault formula for assessing chronic kidney disease in cognitively impaired elderly outpatients

Objective: Chronic kidney disease is a global public health concern. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) prediction based on serum creatinine is used to assess renal function in the elderly. The Cockcroft-Gault (CG) formula, based on body surface area (CG/BSA formula), and the Modified Diet and Renal Disease formula (MDRD formula) are commonly used in assessing renal […]

The effects of a Cognitive Stimulation Therapy [CST] programme for people with dementia on family caregivers’ health

Background: There is growing evidence that Cognitive Simulation Therapy (CST) benefits cognition and quality of life of people with dementia, but little is known about the indirect effects of this intervention on family caregivers. This study sought to investigate the effect of CST on family caregivers general health status of people with dementia living in […]

Memantine in patients with Parkinson’s disease dementia or dementia with Lewy bodies: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial

Background: Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD) are common forms of dementia that substantially affect quality of life. Currently, the only treatment licensed for PDD is rivastigmine, and there are no licensed treatments for DLB. We aimed to test the safety and efficacy of the N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist memantine […]

Single session educational programme for caregivers of psychogeriatric in-patients–results from a randomised controlled pilot study

Background: Family caregivers of patients with psychiatric or medical disorders are at risk of developing psychological distress. Studies including family caregivers of patients with dementia have shown that psychoeducative programmes reduce distress and postpone institutionalisation. Little is known about the effect of psychoeducation of relatives of psychogeriatric patients. The aim of this study was to […]

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