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Dietary patterns are associated with cognition among older people with mild cognitive impairment


Torres, Susan J., Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Wattanapenpaiboon, Naiyana, Greenop, Kathryn R., Beer, Christopher, Flicker, Leon, Alfonso, Helman, Nowson, Caryl A.


Nutrients, Volume: 4, No.: 11, Pages.: 1542-1551

Year of Publication



There has been increasing interest in the influence of diet on cognition in the elderly. This study examined the cross-sectional association between dietary patterns and cognition in a sample of 249 people aged 65-90 years with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Two dietary patterns; whole and processed food; were identified using factor analysis from a 107-item; self-completed Food Frequency Questionnaire. Logistic regression analyses showed that participants in the highest tertile of the processed food pattern score were more likely to have poorer cognitive functioning; in the lowest tertile of executive function (OR 2.55; 95% CI: 1.08-6.03); as assessed by the Cambridge Cognitive Examination. In a group of older people with MCI; a diet high in processed foods was associated with some level of cognitive impairment.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Torres_2012, doi = {10.3390/nu4111542}, url = {}, year = 2012, month = {oct}, publisher = {{MDPI} {AG}}, volume = {4}, number = {12}, pages = {1542--1551}, author = {Susan Torres and Nicola Lautenschlager and Naiyana Wattanapenpaiboon and Kathryn Greenop and Christopher Beer and Leon Flicker and Helman Alfonso and Caryl Nowson}, title = {Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Cognition among Older People with Mild Cognitive Impairment}, journal = {Nutrients} }


aged, aged, 80 and over, australia, cognition, crosssectional studies, diet, doubleblind method, exercise, female, food handling, humans, male, memory, mild cognitive impairment, physiology, placebos, questionnaires, socioeconomic factors

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

Types of Study

Correlation Study (also known as Ecological Study)

Type of Outcomes


Type of Interventions

Risk Factor Modification

Risk Factor Modifications

General population health promotion