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This database contains 105 studies, archived under the term: "metabolism"

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Prediction of amyloid-β pathology in amnestic mild cognitive impairment with neuropsychological tests

Assessment of disease biomarkers, particularly the in vivo assessment of amyloid-β (Aβ) burden with positron emission tomography (PET), is gradually becoming central to the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, the incorporation of biomarker evidence to the diagnostic process is currently restricted mainly to research settings. The identification of […]

Dietary intake of vitamin D and cognition in older women: a large population-based study

Background: Serum vitamin D concentrations are associated with global cognitive function among older adults. The benefits of vitamin D intake to treat or prevent cognitive impairment remain unknown. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether weekly dietary intake of vitamin D could be associated with global cognitive performance among older adults.; Methods: […]

Exergaming and older adult cognition: a cluster randomized clinical trial

Background: Dementia cases may reach 100 million by 2050. Interventions are sought to curb or prevent cognitive decline. Exercise yields cognitive benefits, but few older adults exercise. Virtual reality-enhanced exercise or “exergames” may elicit greater participation.; Purpose: To test the following hypotheses: (1) stationary cycling with virtual reality tours (“cybercycle”) will enhance executive function and […]

Proton MR spectroscopy and white matter hyperintensities in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus and other dementias

The differentiation of idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) from other types of dementia is a clinical challenge. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the role of proton MR spectroscopy (MRS) and white matter hyperintensities (WMH) in the diagnosis of INPH, predicting response to therapy and differentiating INPH from other dementias. The study included […]

Memantine in patients with Parkinson’s disease dementia or dementia with Lewy bodies: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre trial

Background: Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD) are common forms of dementia that substantially affect quality of life. Currently, the only treatment licensed for PDD is rivastigmine, and there are no licensed treatments for DLB. We aimed to test the safety and efficacy of the N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist memantine […]

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