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Safety, tolerability, and antibody response of active Aβ immunotherapy with CAD106 in patients with Alzheimer’s disease: randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, first-in-human study

Background: Immunotherapy targeting the amyloid β (Aβ) peptide is a potential strategy to slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. We aimed to assess the safety and tolerability of CAD106, a novel active Aβ immunotherapy for patients with Alzheimer’s disease, designed to induce N-terminal Aβ-specific antibodies without an Aβ-specific T-cell response.; Methods: We did a phase […]

Phenserine efficacy in Alzheimer’s disease

To gather preliminary evidence in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) for the efficacy of phenserine, a non-competitive acetylcholinesterase inhibitor that has independent modulatory effects on amyloid-β generation, a 12-week comparison of patients receiving phenserine (10 and 15 mg BID) or placebo was conducted under double-blind conditions. Patients who completed 12 weeks of the double-blind before others were […]

Effects of gender on response to treatment with rivastigmine in mild cognitive impairment: A post hoc statistical modeling approach

Background: Epidemiologic studies have identified several demographic factors, including gender, that may influence the progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer’s disease (AD).; Objective: This analysis aimed to develop a sensitive model for detecting treatment benefits in patients with MCI by controlling for factors that predict progression to AD. The study used this statistical […]

The obesity related gene, FTO, interacts with APOE, and is associated with Alzheimer’s disease risk: a prospective cohort study

The effect of midlife physical activity on structural brain changes in the elderly

Physical activity has been associated with decreased dementia risk in recent studies, but the effects for structural brain changes (i.e. white matter lesions (WML) and/or brain atrophy) have remained unclear. The CAIDE participants were a random population-based sample studied in midlife and re-examined on average 21 years later (n=2000). A subpopulation (n=75; 31 control, 23 […]

Long-term metformin usage and cognitive function among older adults with diabetes

Evidence strongly supports the important role of insulin resistance in cognitive decline and dementia and suggests that insulin sensitizers may protect against cognitive decline in diabetic and pre-diabetic individuals. Inconclusive results have been reported in clinical trials of rosiglitazone, an insulin sensitizer that also increases cardiovascular mortality risks. No study has yet reported a protective […]

Memantine effects measured with the Relevant Outcome Scale for Alzheimer’s disease in an open-label, single-arm, multicenter clinical study

Objective: The Relevant Outcome Scale for Alzheimer’s disease (ROSA) is a novel, valid, and reliable instrument for multidimensional assessment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) symptoms across all severity stages. The ROSA and four standard instruments — the Alzheimer’s disease Assessment Scale-cognitive (ADAS-cog), Severe Impairment Battery (SIB), Disability Assessment for Dementia (DAD), and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) […]