Memantine effects measured with the Relevant Outcome Scale for Alzheimer’s disease in an open-label, single-arm, multicenter clinical study
Year of Publication 2013
Objective: The Relevant Outcome Scale for Alzheimer’s disease (ROSA) is a novel, valid, and reliable instrument for multidimensional assessment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) symptoms across all severity stages. The ROSA and four standard instruments — the Alzheimer’s disease Assessment Scale-cognitive (ADAS-cog), Severe Impairment Battery (SIB), Disability Assessment for Dementia (DAD), and the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) — were used in an open-label, multicenter, single-arm clinical study to assess treatment-induced changes in cognitive, functional, and behavioral symptoms in patients with AD at different severity stages.; Methods: A total of 451 patients were treated with memantine (initiated at 5 mg/day and up-titrated with 5 mg weekly to a final dose of 20 mg/day) for 12 weeks. The study endpoints comprised changes from baseline in the scores of the ROSA, ADAS-cog, SIB, DAD, and NPI as well as global changes on the Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGI-C). Analyses were performed for the overall population and by AD severity stage (early, middle, late).; Results: The ROSA scores increased significantly after a 12-week treatment in all study groups except for early stage. Mean changes in the ADAS-cog score indicated a trend towards worsening in early and middle stages. Non-significant changes were shown by the SIB, NPI, and DAD assessments at week 12. The CGI-C demonstrated ‘minimal improvement’ or ‘no change’ for most of the patients. Overall, memantine treatment was safe and well tolerated.; Conclusion: The results demonstrated the ROSA feasibility in daily practice for assessment of memantine effects over time in patients with moderate and late AD.; Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.