This site uses cookies to measure how you use the website so it can be updated and improved based on your needs and also uses cookies to help remember the notifications you’ve seen, like this one, so that we don’t show them to you again. If you could also tell us a little bit about yourself, this information will help us understand how we can support you better and make this site even easier for you to use and navigate.

Video-based coping skills to reduce health risk and improve psychological and physical well-being in Alzheimer’s disease family caregivers


Williams, Virginia P., Bishop-Fitzpatrick, Lauren, Lane, James D., Gwyther, Lisa P., Ballard, Edna L., Vendittelli, Analise P., Hutchins, Tiffany C., Williams, Redford B.


Psychosomatic Medicine, Volume: 72, No.: 9, Pages.: 897-904

Year of Publication



Objective: To determine whether video-based coping skills (VCS) training with telephone coaching reduces psychosocial and biological markers of distress in primary caregivers of a relative with Alzheimer’s disease or related dementia (ADRD).; Methods: A controlled clinical trial was conducted with 116 ADRD caregivers who were assigned, alternately as they qualified for the study, to a Wait List control condition or the VCS training arm in which they viewed two modules/week of a version of the Williams LifeSkills Video adapted for ADRD family care contexts, did the exercises and homework for each module presented in an accompanying Workbook, and received one telephone coaching call per week for 5 weeks on each week’s two modules. Questionnaire-assessed depressive symptoms, state and trait anger and anxiety, perceived stress, hostility, caregiver self-efficacy, salivary cortisol across the day and before and after a stress protocol, and blood pressure and heart rate during a stress protocol were assessed before VCS training, 7 weeks after training was completed, and at 3 months’ and 6 months’ follow-up.; Results: Compared with controls, participants who received VCS training plus telephone coaching showed significantly greater improvements in depressive symptoms, trait anxiety, perceived stress, and average systolic and diastolic blood pressures that were maintained over the 6-month follow-up period.; Conclusions: VCS training augmented by telephone coaching reduced psychosocial and biological indicators of distress in ADRD caregivers. Future studies should determine the long-term benefits to mental and physical health from this intervention.; Trial Registration:; #NCT00396285.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Williams_2010, doi = {10.1097/psy.0b013e3181fc2d09}, url = {}, year = 2010, month = {nov}, publisher = {Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)}, volume = {72}, number = {9}, pages = {897--904}, author = {Virginia P. Williams and Lauren Bishop-Fitzpatrick and James D. Lane and Lisa P. Gwyther and Edna L. Ballard and Analise P. Vendittelli and Tiffany C. Hutchins and Redford B. Williams}, title = {Video-Based Coping Skills to Reduce Health Risk and Improve Psychological and Physical Well-Being in Alzheimer's Disease Family Caregivers}, journal = {Psychosomatic Medicine} }


adaptation psychological, alzheimer disease, caregivers, depression, diagnosis, education, female, health status, humans, male, methods, middle aged, nursing, personality inventory, psychiatric status rating scales, psychology, questionnaires, stress, psychological, teaching, therapy, treatment outcome, video recording

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Alzheimer’s Disease

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes

Carers’ Mental Health

Type of Interventions

Intervention for Carers

Carer Focussed Interventions

Training programmes / workshops including behavioural training