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The effects of researcher-composed music at mealtime on agitation in nursing home residents with dementia


Ho, Shu-Yuan, Lai, Hui-Ling, Jeng, Shaw-Yeu, Tang, Chih-Wei, Sung, Huei-Chuan, Chen, Pin-Wen


Archives Of Psychiatric Nursing, Volume: 25, No.: 6, Pages.: e49-e55

Year of Publication



This study examined the effects of music at mealtimes on agitation in 22 nursing home residents with dementia. We used a pretest-posttest research design. We played researcher-composed music to residents at each of two mealtimes daily over a consecutive 4-week period. We observed and recorded agitation 24 hours daily for the 4-week period and the following 2-week period. Results revealed a significant decline in mean agitation scores. A cumulative dose effect and a short-term linger effect were observed. Findings suggest that soothing music may be beneficial in managing agitation in nursing home residents with dementia.; 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Bibtex Citation

@article{Ho_2011, doi = {10.1016/j.apnu.2011.08.006}, url = {}, year = 2011, month = {dec}, publisher = {Elsevier {BV}}, volume = {25}, number = {6}, pages = {e49--e55}, author = {Shu-Yuan Ho and Hui-Ling Lai and Shaw-Yeu Jeng and Chih-wei Tang and Huei-Chuan Sung and Pin-Wen Chen}, title = {The Effects of Researcher-Composed Music at Mealtime on Agitation in Nursing Home Residents With Dementia}, journal = {Archives of Psychiatric Nursing} }


aged, aged, 80 and over, alzheimer disease, dementia, feeding behavior, female, humans, male, methods, middle aged, music, music therapy, nursing homes, prevention & control, psychology, psychomotor agitation, therapy, time factors

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Before and After Study

Type of Outcomes



Nursing Homes

Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Arts and Music Interventions (including Art and Music Therapy)