This site uses cookies to measure how you use the website so it can be updated and improved based on your needs and also uses cookies to help remember the notifications you’ve seen, like this one, so that we don’t show them to you again. If you could also tell us a little bit about yourself, this information will help us understand how we can support you better and make this site even easier for you to use and navigate.

The burden of spousal caregiving: a preliminary psychometric evaluation of the German version of the Zarit burden interview


Braun, Melanie, Scholz, Urte, Hornung, Rainer, Martin, Mike


Aging & Mental Health, Volume: 14, No.: 2, Pages.: 159-167

Year of Publication



Objectives: Despite a rapid increase in studies dealing with dementia caregivers in Europe, a valid German version of the most widely used measurement of caregiver burden (Zarit Burden Interview) has not yet been published. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the German Zarit Burden Interview (G-ZBI).; Method: Twenty-eight community-dwelling older couples with the husband suffering from dementia and the wife being the primary caregiver participated in this study. The G-ZBI and related constructs were assessed in order to test for reliability and construct validity.; Results: The G-ZBI revealed psychometric properties comparable with those of the original instrument and empirically validated translations. Results demonstrated high internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha 0.92) and good validity due to strong correlations with caregiver life satisfaction and depression, as well as patients’ dependency, neuropsychiatric symptoms, and dementia severity.; Conclusion: The psychometric qualities of the G-ZBI indicate that it is both a reliable and valid instrument to assess caregiver burden and to detect highly stressed individuals.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Braun_2010, doi = {10.1080/13607860802459781}, url = {}, year = 2010, month = {mar}, publisher = {Informa {UK} Limited}, volume = {14}, number = {2}, pages = {159--167}, author = {Melanie Braun and Urte Scholz and Rainer Hornung and Mike Martin}, title = {The burden of spousal caregiving: A preliminary psychometric evaluation of the German version of the Zarit Burden Interview}, journal = {Aging {&} Mental Health} }


aged, caregivers, cost of illness, crosscultural comparison, dementia, female, humans, instrumentation, interview psychological, language, longitudinal studies, male, methods, nursing, psychiatric status rating scales, psychology, psychometrics, questionnaires, reproducibility of results, spouses, standards, stress, psychological

Countries of Study


Types of Study

Cohort Study

Type of Outcomes

Carer Burden (instruments measuring burden)

Type of Interventions

Intervention for Carers

Carer Focussed Interventions