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Spaced retrieval significantly improves prospective memory performance of cognitively impaired older adults


Ozgis, Sesil, Rendell, Peter G., Henry, Julie D.


Gerontology, Volume: 55, No.: 2, Pages.: 229-232

Year of Publication



Background: Although memory for future intentions (prospective memory, PM) is compromised in older adults with cognitive impairment, the effectiveness of specific training techniques to help these older adults with PM tasks remains unclear.; Objective: The present study examined the effectiveness of spaced retrieval (rehearsing at increasingly spaced intervals) as an intervention for improving PM in cognitively impaired older adults.; Methods: Healthy older adults (n=40) and cognitively impaired older adults (n=30) were randomly assigned to either a spaced retrieval or a standard rehearsal condition.; Results: Whilst both groups benefited from the spaced retrieval intervention, enhancement effects were substantial for the cognitively impaired older adults, and no main effect of group was observed in this condition.; Conclusion: These data indicate that spaced retrieval may be an effective means of helping cognitively impaired older adults maintain functional independence.; Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Bibtex Citation

@article{Ozgis_2008, doi = {10.1159/000163446}, url = {}, year = 2008, month = {oct}, publisher = {S. Karger {AG}}, volume = {55}, number = {2}, pages = {229--232}, author = {Sesil Ozgis and Peter G. Rendell and Julie D. Henry}, title = {Spaced Retrieval Significantly Improves Prospective Memory Performance of Cognitively Impaired Older Adults}, journal = {Gerontology} }


aged, aging, cognition disorders, female, humans, male, memory, memory disorders, mental recall, methods, psychology, psychotherapy, retention psychology, retrieval, spaced, therapy, time factors

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified), Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes


Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions