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Motor and multisensory care-based approach in dementia: long-term effects of a pilot study


Marques, A., Cruz, J., Barbosa, A., Figueiredo, D., Sousa, L. X.


American Journal Of Alzheimer's Disease And Other Dementias, Volume: 28, No.: 1, Pages.: 24-34

Year of Publication



This study examined the short-, mid-, and long-term effects of a motor and multisensory care-based approach on (i) the behavior of institutionalized residents with dementia and (ii) care practices according to staff perspective. In all, 6 residents with moderate to severe dementia (mean age 80.83 ± 10.87 years) and 6 staff members (40 ± 10.87 years old) were recruited. Motor and multisensory stimulation strategies were implemented in residents’ morning care. Data were collected with video recordings and focus-group interviews before, immediately after, at 3 months and 6 months after the intervention. The frequency and duration of each resident’s behavior were analyzed. Content analysis was also performed. Results showed short-term improvements in residents’ communication and engagement, followed by a sustained decline over time. Staff reported to change their practices; however, difficulties related to the institution organization were identified. There is a need to implement long-term strategies and involve institutions at different organizational levels to sustain the results.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Marques_2012, doi = {10.1177/1533317512466691}, url = {}, year = 2012, month = {dec}, publisher = {{SAGE} Publications}, volume = {28}, number = {1}, pages = {24--34}, author = {A. Marques and J. Cruz and A. Barbosa and D. Figueiredo and L. X. Sousa}, title = {Motor and Multisensory Care-Based Approach in Dementia: Long-Term Effects of a Pilot Study}, journal = {American Journal of Alzheimer{textquotesingle}s Disease and Other Dementias} }


adult, aged, aged, 80 and over, and, approach, carebased, caregivers, dementia, education, female, humans, institutionalization, long term care, male, manpower, methods, middle aged, motor, multisensory, organization administration, pilot projects, psychology, psychotherapy, residential facilities, therapy, time, young adult

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Before and After Study, Focus Group

Type of Outcomes



Nursing Homes

Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment, Workforce oriented interventions

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Behavioural Therapies, Other

Workforce Interventions

Professional Training / Continuing Professional Development