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Effects of a physical training programme on cognitive function and walking efficiency in elderly persons with dementia


Kemoun, Gilles, Thibaud, Marie, Roumagne, Nicolas, Carette, Pierre, Albinet, Cédric, Toussaint, Lucette, Paccalin, Marc, Dugué, Benoit


Dementia And Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, Volume: 29, No.: 2, Pages.: 109-114

Year of Publication



Objectives: To study the effects of physical stimulation based on walking exercises, equilibrium and endurance on cognitive function and walking efficiency in patients with dementia.; Methods: Randomized controlled trial including 31 subjects suffering from dementia (age: 81.8 +/- 5.3 years). The intervention group (n = 16) benefited from a 15-week physical activity programme involving three 1-hour sessions per week. The control group (n = 15) did not practice any physical activities. Before and after rehabilitation, all subjects were evaluated with the Rapid Evaluation of Cognitive Functions test (ERFC French version) and walking analysis.; Results: After the 15 weeks of rehabilitation, the subjects from the intervention group improved their overall ERFC score (p < 0.01), while those in the control group decreased their overall ERFC score. Interactions were also observed between walking parameters and groups (p < 0.01); the intervention group improved walking capacities through heightened walking speed, stride length and a reduction in double limb support time. Lastly, the subjects from the control group presented a reduction in both walking speed and stride length.; Conclusion: This study shows that a physical activity programme can slow cognitive decline and improve quality of walking in elderly persons suffering from dementia.;

Bibtex Citation

@article{Kemoun_2010, doi = {10.1159/000272435}, url = {}, year = 2010, publisher = {S. Karger {AG}}, volume = {29}, number = {2}, pages = {109--114}, author = {Gilles Kemoun and Marie Thibaud and Nicolas Roumagne and Pierre Carette and C{'{e}}dric Albinet and Lucette Toussaint and Marc Paccalin and Benoit Dugu{'{e}}}, title = {Effects of a Physical Training Programme on Cognitive Function and Walking Efficiency in Elderly Persons with Dementia}, journal = {Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders} }


ability, aged, aged, 80 and over, cognition, dementia, female, gait, humans, locomotion, male, neuropsychological tests, physical fitness, physiology, psychiatric status rating scales, psychology, rehabilitation, treatment outcome, walking

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes

ADLs/IADLs, Cognition

Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Exercise (inc. dancing)