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Effects of a motor and multisensory-based approach on residents with moderate-to-severe dementia


Cruz, Joana, Marques, Alda, Barbosa, Ana L., Figueiredo, Daniela, Sousa, Liliana


American Journal Of Alzheimer's Disease And Other Dementias, Volume: 26, No.: 4, Pages.: 282-289

Year of Publication



Involving institutionalized people with dementia in their routines may be challenging, particularly in advanced stages of the disease. Motor and multisensory stimulation may help to maintain or improve residents’ remaining abilities such as communication and self-care. This study examines the effects of a motor and multisensory-based approach on the behavior of 6 residents with moderate-to-severe dementia. A single-group, pre- and post test design was conducted. Motor and multisensory stimulation strategies were implemented in residents’ morning care routines by staff, after the provision of training and assistance. Twelve video recordings of morning care (6 pre- and 6 post interventions) were coded for the type of residents’ behavior. Results showed a tendency toward improvements in residents’ levels of caregiver-direct gaze, laughing and engagement, and a reduction of closed eyes, during morning care. The introduction of a motor and multisensory-based approach in care routines may improve residents’ engagement and attention to the environment.;


adult, aged, aged, 80 and over, behavior, dementia, female, geriatric assessment, humans, male, middle aged, motor activity, nursing, nursing homes, physiology, portugal, psychology, sensation, severity of illness index

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Before and After Study

Type of Outcomes


Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Adult safeguarding and abuse detection/prevention