This site uses cookies to measure how you use the website so it can be updated and improved based on your needs and also uses cookies to help remember the notifications you’ve seen, like this one, so that we don’t show them to you again. If you could also tell us a little bit about yourself, this information will help us understand how we can support you better and make this site even easier for you to use and navigate.

Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST): effects on different areas of cognitive function for people with dementia


Spector, Aimee, Orrell, Martin, Woods, Bob


International Journal Of Geriatric Psychiatry, Volume: 25, No.: 12, Pages.: 1253-1258

Year of Publication



Background: There is good evidence indicating that group Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) leads to generalised cognitive benefits for people with dementia. However, little is known about whether some aspects of cognition might change more than others and why.; Methods: Cognitive Stimulation Therapy, a 14-session group treatment, has been evaluated in a multi-centre, single-blind, randomised controlled trial. This study looks at the subscales of the ADAS-Cog (memory and new learning, praxis and language) and compares the outcome of CST with a treatment as usual control group.; Results: There was a significant difference between treatment and control groups in total ADAS-Cog score (p = 0.01) and in the language subscale (p = 0.01). There were no significant changes in memory and orientation or praxis.; Conclusions: CST appears to have particular effects in promoting language function, which is likely to lead to generalised benefits. This may be through generating opinions and creating new semantic links through categorisation. Future research might use more sensitive psychometric tests to assess these effects in more depth.; Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Bibtex Citation

@article{Spector_2010, doi = {10.1002/gps.2464}, url = {}, year = 2010, month = {nov}, publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell}, volume = {25}, number = {12}, pages = {1253--1258}, author = {Aimee Spector and Martin Orrell and Bob Woods}, title = {Cognitive Stimulation Therapy ({CST}): effects on different areas of cognitive function for people with dementia}, journal = {Int. J. Geriat. Psychiatry} }


aged, aged, 80 and over, cognition, cognitive therapy, dementia, female, humans, male, methods, outcome assessment (health care), physiology, psychology, psychometrics, psychotherapy group, therapy

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes


Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Adult safeguarding and abuse detection/prevention