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A multidimensional home-based care coordination intervention for elders with memory disorders: the maximizing independence at home (MIND) pilot randomized trial


Samus, Quincy M., Johnston, Deirdre, Black, Betty S., Hess, Edward, Lyman, Christopher, Vavilikolanu, Amrita, Pollutra, Jane, Leoutsakos, Jeannie-Marie, Gitlin, Laura N, Rabins, Peter V., Lyketsos, Constantine G.


The American Journal Of Geriatric Psychiatry: Official Journal Of The American Association For Geriatric Psychiatry, Volume: 22, No.: 4, Pages.: 398-414

Year of Publication



Objectives: To assess whether a dementia care coordination intervention delays time to transition from home and reduces unmet needs in elders with memory disorders.; Design: 18-month randomized controlled trial of 303 community-living elders.; Setting: 28 postal code areas of Baltimore, MD.; Participants: Age 70+ years, with a cognitive disorder, community-living, English-speaking, and having a study partner available.; Intervention: 18-month care coordination intervention to systematically identify and address dementia-related care needs through individualized care planning; referral and linkage to services; provision of dementia education and skill-building strategies; and care monitoring by an interdisciplinary team.; Measurements: Primary outcomes were time to transfer from home and total percent of unmet care needs at 18 months.; Results: Intervention participants had a significant delay in time to all-cause transition from home and the adjusted hazard of leaving the home was decreased by 37% (Hazard ratio: 0.63, 95% Confidence Interval: 0.42-0.94) compared with control participants. Although there was no significant group difference in reduction of total percent of unmet needs from baseline to 18 months, the intervention group had significant reductions in the proportion of unmet needs in safety and legal/advance care domains relative to controls. Intervention participants had a significant improvement in self-reported quality of life (QOL) relative to control participants. No group differences were found in proxy-rated QOL, neuropsychiatric symptoms, or depression.; Conclusions: A home-based dementia care coordination intervention delivered by non-clinical community workers trained and overseen by geriatric clinicians led to delays in transition from home, reduced unmet needs, and improved self-reported QOL.; Copyright © 2014 American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Bibtex Citation

@article{Samus_2014, doi = {10.1016/j.jagp.2013.12.175}, url = {}, year = 2014, month = {apr}, publisher = {Elsevier {BV}}, volume = {22}, number = {4}, pages = {398--414}, author = {Quincy M. Samus and Deirdre Johnston and Betty S. Black and Edward Hess and Christopher Lyman and Amrita Vavilikolanu and Jane Pollutra and Jeannie-Marie Leoutsakos and Laura N. Gitlin and Peter V. Rabins and Constantine G. Lyketsos}, title = {A Multidimensional Home-Based Care Coordination Intervention for Elders with Memory Disorders: The Maximizing Independence at Home ({MIND}) Pilot Randomized Trial}, journal = {The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry} }


aged, aged, 80 and over, care coordination, care management, community, dementia, female, home care services, hospitalization, humans, independent living, intervention, long term care, male, memory disorders, methods, nursing homes, patient care management, pilot projects, proportional hazards models, statistics & numerical data, therapy, time factors

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes

Quality of Life of Person With Dementia, Service use or cost reductions (incl. hospital use reduction, care home admission delay)



Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Case management / Care navigator