18F-FDG PET and perfusion SPECT in the diagnosis of Alzheimer and Lewy body dementias
Year of Publication 2014
Unlabelled: Brain imaging with glucose ((18)F-FDG) PET or blood flow (hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime) SPECT is widely used for the differential diagnosis of dementia, though direct comparisons to clearly establish superiority of one method have not been undertaken.; Methods: Subjects with Alzheimer disease (AD; n = 38) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB; n = 30) and controls (n = 30) underwent (18)F-FDG PET and SPECT in balanced order. The main outcome measure was area under the curve (AUC) of receiver-operating-characteristic analysis of visual scan rating.; Results: Consensus diagnosis with (18)F-FDG PET was superior to SPECT for both dementia vs. no-dementia (AUC = 0.93 vs. 0.72, P = 0.001) and AD vs. DLB (AUC = 0.80 vs. 0.58, P = 0.005) comparisons. The sensitivity and specificity for dementia/no-dementia was 85% and 90%, respectively, for (18)F-FDG PET and 71% and 70%, respectively, for SPECT.; Conclusion: (18)F-FDG PET was significantly superior to blood flow SPECT. We recommend (18)F-FDG PET be performed instead of perfusion SPECT for the differential diagnosis of degenerative dementia if functional imaging is indicated.; © 2014 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Inc.