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This database contains 10 studies, archived under the term: "body mass index"

Dietary antioxidants and dementia in a population-based case-control study among older people in South Germany

Oxidative stress is believed to play a central role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disease. Antioxidants may prevent the onset AD as high dietary intake of vitamin C and E were reported to be associated with lower risk of the disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the serum […]

Screening cognition in the elderly with metabolic syndrome

Background: Metabolic syndrome reaches its highest prevalence in the elderly, and evidence suggests that metabolic syndrome could be an independent risk factor for cognitive impairment. The aims of this study were to detect whether patients with metabolic syndrome have lower cognition and to investigate whether there is a relationship with cognition and single metabolic syndrome […]

Mild to moderate cognitive impairment is a major risk factor for mortality and nursing home admission in the first year after hip fracture

Background: It is not well established if and to what extent mild to moderate cognitive impairment predicts mortality and risk of nursing home admission after hip fracture.; Objective: To investigate prospectively whether and to what extent mild to moderate cognitive impairment, contributes to mortality and admission to nursing home in the first year after acute […]

Achetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition and serum lipokines in Alzheimer’s disease: friend or foe?

Throughout the natural progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the body mass index (BMI) decreases. This is believed to be brought on by the disturbance in the central lipid metabolism, but the exact mechanism is yet unknown. Adipokines (adiponectin, leptin), hormones produced by the adipose tissue, change glucose and lipid metabolism, and have an anorectic effect […]

Anti-dementia drugs and changes in gait: a pre-post quasi-experimental pilot study

Background: Anti-dementia drugs may improve gait performance. No comparison between acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (CEIs) and memantine-related changes in gait variability has been reported. The objectives of this study were to 1) quantify and compare the mean values and coefficients of variation (CoV) of stride time in demented patients with Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders (ADRD) before […]

The effect of regular walks on various health aspects in older people with dementia: protocol of a randomized-controlled trial

Background: Physical activity has proven to be beneficial for physical functioning, cognition, depression, anxiety, rest-activity rhythm, quality of life (QoL), activities of daily living (ADL) and pain in older people. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of walking regularly on physical functioning, the progressive cognitive decline, level of depression, anxiety, rest-activity […]

Being overweight in midlife is associated with lower cognitive ability and steeper cognitive decline in late life

Background: Although an increasing body of evidence links being overweight in midlife with an increased risk for dementia in late life, no studies have examined the association between being overweight in midlife and cognitive ability in late life. Our aim was to examine the association between being overweight in midlife as measured by body mass […]

The obesity related gene, FTO, interacts with APOE, and is associated with Alzheimer’s disease risk: a prospective cohort study

The FTO gene has been shown to have a small but robust effect on body mass index (BMI) and to increase the risk for diabetes. Both high BMI and diabetes are vascular risk factors that might play a role in the development of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and dementia. Thus, our aim was to explore the […]

Obesity and impaired cognitive functioning in the elderly: a population-based cross-sectional study (NEDICES)

Background and Purpose: Studies of high body mass index (BMI) and cognition in the elderly have shown conflicting results. While some studies have shown a detrimental effect of high BMI on cognitive function, others have observed beneficial effects on cognition. Our aim was to assess cognitive function in a large population-based sample of overweight (BMI […]

Dietary intake of vitamin D and cognition in older women: a large population-based study

Background: Serum vitamin D concentrations are associated with global cognitive function among older adults. The benefits of vitamin D intake to treat or prevent cognitive impairment remain unknown. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether weekly dietary intake of vitamin D could be associated with global cognitive performance among older adults.; Methods: […]

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