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This database contains 9 studies, archived under the term: "Basel"

Transdermal is better than oral: observational research of the satisfaction of caregivers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease treated with rivastigmine

Background and Aims: Poor adherence to anti-dementia drugs is common among patients with Alzheimer’s disease. This study evaluated whether caregivers were more satisfied with, and patients more adherent to, transdermal rivastigmine than oral rivastigmine.; Methods: Neurologists, psychiatrists and geriatricians collected sociodemographic and clinical data from 1,078 patients and administered the Treatment Satisfaction with Medicines (SATMED-Q) […]

Factors associated with sustained attention during an activity intervention in persons with dementia

Background/aims: Are the noncognitive factors of self-reported mood and personality related to sustained attention in nursing home residents with dementia during an activity intervention?; Methods: Intervention data from a randomized clinical trial were used to address the aim of this project. Subjects were 128 nursing home residents who were assessed for mood, personality, behavioral indicators […]

Response to rivastigmine transdermal patch or memantine plus rivastigmine patch is affected by apolipoprotein E genotype in Alzheimer patients

Background/aims: The apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype in response to pharmacological treatments in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) remains a matter of controversy. This analysis investigated the effect of the APOE genotype on the clinical response to rivastigmine transdermal patch monotherapy or memantine plus rivastigmine patch in patients with mild to moderate AD.; Methods: Two hundred […]

The NIH stroke scale can establish cognitive function after stroke

Background: Cognitive impairment is an important but underrecognised consequence of stroke. We investigated whether a subset of items from the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) could yield valid information on cognitive status in a group of stroke patients.; Methods: 149 stroke patients from the Göteborg 70+ Stroke Study were investigated after 18 months. We extracted 4 […]

Spaced retrieval significantly improves prospective memory performance of cognitively impaired older adults

Background: Although memory for future intentions (prospective memory, PM) is compromised in older adults with cognitive impairment, the effectiveness of specific training techniques to help these older adults with PM tasks remains unclear.; Objective: The present study examined the effectiveness of spaced retrieval (rehearsing at increasingly spaced intervals) as an intervention for improving PM in […]

Performance of FDG PET for detection of Alzheimer’s disease in two independent multicentre samples (NEST-DD and ADNI)

Aim: We investigated the performance of FDG PET using an automated procedure for discrimination between Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and controls, and studied the influence of demographic and technical factors.; Methods: FDG PET data were obtained from the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) [102 controls (76.0 +/- 4.9 years) and 89 AD patients (75.7 +/- 7.6 […]

Effect of music therapy on anxiety and depression in patients with Alzheimer’s type dementia: randomised, controlled study

Background/aims: Numerous studies have indicated the value of music therapy in the management of patients with Alzheimer’s disease. A recent pilot study demonstrated the feasibility and usefulness of a new music therapy technique. The aim of this controlled, randomised study was to assess the effects of this new music therapy technique on anxiety and depression […]

Antihypertensive agents and risk of Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor and dementia: a population-based prospective study (NEDICES)

Background: Recent interest in antihypertensive agents, especially calcium channel blockers, has been sparked by the notion that these medications may be neuroprotective. A modest literature, with mixed results, has examined whether these medications might lower the odds or risk of Parkinson’s disease (PD) or dementia. There are no data for essential tremor (ET).; Objective: To […]

Rosiglitazone monotherapy in mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease: results from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III study

Background/aims: A phase II study of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ agonist rosiglitazone extended release (RSG XR) in mild-to-moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD) detected a treatment benefit to cognition in apolipoprotein E(APOE)-ε4-negative subjects. The current phase III study with prospective stratification by APOE genotype was conducted to confirm the efficacy and safety of RSG XR in mild-to-moderate […]

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