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This database contains 71 studies, archived under the term: "APA"

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Quality of life and Alzheimer’s disease: The influence of participation in a rehabilitation center

Quality of life is seldom explored in evaluations of therapeutic interventions in Alzheimer’s disease. Objective: To verify whether participation in a cognitive and functional rehabilitation program improves quality of life (QOL) among Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients. Methods: 19 AD patients participated in this study, 12 of whom attended 24 multi-professional intervention sessions—the experimental group—whereas the […]

Decreased self-reported cognitive failures after memory training

In recent years, attention has been focused on investigating the effectiveness of composite memory intervention programs with different age and diagnostics groups. The goal of this study was to measure changes in cognitive lapses by Cognitive Failure Questionnaire (CFQ) in a large trained, dementia free group (Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE] > 26). The CFQ was […]

Treino de memória episódica com ênfase em categorização para idosos sem demência e depressão. = Episodic memory training with emphasis on categorization for older adults without dementia and depression

Aging may lead to cognitive changes, especially in memory. Yet, research suggests that older adults may improve memory performance after training. The present study aimed at evaluating the effects of episodic memory training offered to healthy Brazilian older adults. Fifty seven participants were randomly divided into control group (COG = 26) and experimental group (EXG […]

Family oversight and the quality of nursing home care for residents with advanced dementia

Background: The quality of nursing home (NH) care for residents with advanced dementia has been described as suboptimal. One relatively understudied factor in the provision of NH care is the role of private oversight and monitoring by family members and friends. Objective: To examine the association between private oversight and the quality of end-of-life care […]

Longitudinal medication usage in Alzheimer disease patients

This study examined in detail patterns of cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) and memantine use and explored the relationship between patient characteristics and such use. Patients with probable Alzheimer disease AD (n=201) were recruited from the Predictors Study in 3 academic AD centers and followed from early disease stages for up to 6 years. Random effects logistic […]

User evaluation of the DEMentia-specific Digital Interactive Socal Chart (DEM-DISC). A Pilot study among informal carers on its impact, user friendliness and, usefulness

Objective: The need for information about the disease and coping with the consequences, as well as on available care and welfare services, is frequently unmet in people with dementia and their carers. To provide carers of community-dwelling people with dementia with tailored information, the DEMentia-specific dynamic interactive social chart (DEM-DISC) was developed. The impact on […]

Examination of a psychoeducational intervention and a respite grant in relieving psychosocial stressors associated with being an Alzheimer’s caregiver

Alzheimer’s disease can be particularly devastating to those who are caring for their loved one with the condition. There have been recent calls for the tailoring of caregiving interventions to examine outcome differences between groups of caregivers and the reporting of effectiveness via longitudinal and specific outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine […]

Treatment effects of therapeutic cholinesterase inhibitors on visuospatial processing in Alzheimer’s disease: A longitudinal functional MRI study

Background/Aims: Visuospatial impairments are known to occur in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). We hypothesised that functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) response in task-related brain regions would be impaired in patients with AD during the task and that treatment with acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors would enhance activations in brain regions concerned with this visual perceptual processing. Method: Ten […]

Estimation and validation of a multiattribute model of Alzheimer disease progression

Objectives: To estimate and validate a multiattribute model of the clinical course of Alzheimer disease (AD) from mild AD to death in a high-quality prospective cohort study, and to estimate the impact of hypothetical modifications to AD progression rates on costs associated with Medicare and Medicaid services. Data and Methods: The authors estimated sex-specific longitudinal […]

Evaluating rivastigmine in mild-to-moderate Parkinson’s disease dementia using ADAS-cog items

Rivastigmine has been shown to improve cognition in patients with Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD). To further explore the impact of anticholinesterase therapy on PDD, Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale—cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) items were assessed in a retrospective analysis of a 24-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of rivastigmine. Mean changes from baseline at week 24 were calculated for […]

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