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This database contains 15 studies, archived under the term: "roc curve"

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Detecting MCI and dementia in primary care: effectiveness of the MMS, the FAQ and the IQCODE corrected

Objectives: To study the yield of three instruments for detection of patients with cognitive impairment in primary care. To investigate whether combining tests is better for detecting impairment than applying them separately.; Methods: Seven primary care physicians (PCP) systematically recruited individuals aged over 49 years with a complaint or suspicion of cognitive impairment. The tests […]

The NIH stroke scale can establish cognitive function after stroke

Background: Cognitive impairment is an important but underrecognised consequence of stroke. We investigated whether a subset of items from the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) could yield valid information on cognitive status in a group of stroke patients.; Methods: 149 stroke patients from the Göteborg 70+ Stroke Study were investigated after 18 months. We extracted 4 […]

EDUCA study: Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale

Objectives: The Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale, translated and validated into Spanish, is sensitive to the application of a Psychoeducational Intervention Program (PIP) for the prevention and reduction of burden in caregivers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients (EDUCA study). The data obtained in EDUCA was used to reanalyse its psychometric properties and the cut-off points of […]

Diagnostic accuracy of the Phototest for cognitive impairment and dementia in Argentina

Phototest is a simple, easy and very brief test with theoretical advantages over available dementia screening tests in Spain. The objective of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of the Phototest for cognitive impairment and dementia and to compare it with that of the MMSE and the Clock Drawing Test (CDT) in an […]

Adaptive cognitive testing in cerebrovascular disease and vascular dementia

Background/aims: To examine whether brevity can be combined with precision in measuring global cognitive ability in patients with cerebrovascular disease (CVD) or vascular dementia (VaD). Longer tests (e.g. the CAMCOG) are precise but inefficient, whereas brief tests (e.g. the MMSE) are efficient but imprecise.; Methods: A simulated computerized adaptive testing (CAT) algorithm using existing CAMCOG […]

A brief clinical tool to assess physical function: the mini-physical performance test

The aim was to develop a brief physical performance assessment tool that can be reliably used to detect physical impairment in older adults with and without mild dementia. Scores on the 9-item physical performance test (PPT) from non-demented participants were used to develop and validate the 4-item mini-PPT. The validated mini-PPT was then used to […]

Validity of the Mattis Dementia Rating Scale to detect mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson’s disease and REM sleep behavior disorder

Background/aims: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is frequent in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). However, only a few studies have evaluated the validity of brief cognitive measures to detect MCI in PD or iRBD using standard diagnostic criteria for MCI. Our aim was to evaluate the validity of the Mini-Mental State […]

Comparison of parameters of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy for differential diagnosis in patients with parkinsonism: correlation with clinical features

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy to diagnose Lewy body disease (LBD), including Parkinson’s disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies, and to clarify the relationship between MIBG parameters and the clinical findings.; Methods: One hundred-and-forty-four patients with parkinsonism without diabetes mellitus or a history […]

Validation of the interRAI Cognitive Performance Scale against independent clinical diagnosis and the Mini-Mental State Examination in older hospitalized patients

Objective: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of the interRAI Acute Care (AC) Cognitive Performance Scale (CPS2) and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), against independent clinical diagnosis for detecting dementia in older hospitalized patients.; Design, Setting, and Participants: The study was part of a prospective observational cohort study of patients aged ≥70 years admitted to four […]

Comparison of the memory performance index with standard neuropsychological measures of cognition

The Mild Cognitive Impairment Screen (MCIS) is a computer-based cognitive assessment designed for clinical and research use in detecting amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). Performance on the MCIS is reported as the Memory Performance Index (MPI). However, the comparability between the MPI and traditional neuropsychological tests in detecting aMCI, and in differentiating it from Alzheimer’s […]

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