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This database contains 60 studies, archived under the term: "France"

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Do patients diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease benefit from a psycho-educational programme for family caregivers? A randomised controlled study

Objective: The Aide dans la Maladie d’Alzheimer (AIDMA) study was conducted to determine whether a psycho-educational programme (PEP) for primary caregivers in addition to standard anti-dementia drugs for patients improves caregivers’ psychological condition and patients’ activities of daily life.; Method: Multicentre randomised controlled intervention trial. One hundred and sixty-seven dyads ‘patient-caregiver’ were recruited from 15 […]

Cognitive changes in mild cognitive impairment patients with impaired visual recognition memory

Objective: This study aims to evaluate whether assessing memory using the visual recognition memory task DMS48 in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) can contribute to the early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In an 18-month follow-up study, we assessed if longitudinal change in aMCI patients who failed on the DMS48 differs from that of patients […]

Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease patients with rapid cognitive decline in clinical practice: interest of the Deco questionnaire

Background: Patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) who deteriorate rapidly are likely to have a poorer prognosis. There is a clear need for a clinical assessment tool to detect such a decline in newly diagnosed patients.; Objective: To identify the predictive factors of rapid cognitive decline (RCD) in a cohort of patients with mild to moderate […]

A subtest of the MMSE as a valid test of episodic memory? Comparison with the Free and Cued Reminding Test

Background/aims: Episodic memory impairment is known to be the core of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) dementia syndrome and one of the earliest domains to decline. However, episodic memory tests are long and expensive.; Methods: In a sample of the French Three-City Study (n = 1,516), we aimed at validating a subtest of the Mini-Mental State Examination […]

Olive oil and cognition: results from the three-city study

Background: Olive oil is a major component of the Mediterranean diet suggested to be beneficial to counteract Alzheimer’s disease.; Aim Of the Study: Our objective was to examine the association between olive oil use, cognitive deficit and cognitive decline in a large elderly population.; Methods: We followed 6,947 subjects with a brief baseline food frequency […]

Gait changes with anti-dementia drugs: a prospective, open-label study combining single and dual task assessments in patients with Alzheimer’s disease

Background: No comparison of anti-dementia drugs-related gait changes has been previously conducted combining single and dual task assessments.; Objectives: (1) To quantify and compare gait changes among patients with possible or probable Alzheimer’s disease before and after the use of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (i.e., donepezil, galantamine, rivastigmine) or memantine, and among controls with possible or probable […]

Comparison of adverse drug reactions with donepezil versus memantine: analysis of the French Pharmacovigilance Database

Background: Since donepezil and memantine are currently used for treating Alzheimer’s disease, it is interesting to analyse, reassess and compare their safety profile in order to promote a better use.; Methods: All spontaneous reports of suspected serious adverse drug reactions with donepezil alone and with memantine alone recorded in the French Pharmacovigilance Database during 6 […]

Dietary intake of vitamin D and cognition in older women: a large population-based study

Background: Serum vitamin D concentrations are associated with global cognitive function among older adults. The benefits of vitamin D intake to treat or prevent cognitive impairment remain unknown. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether weekly dietary intake of vitamin D could be associated with global cognitive performance among older adults.; Methods: […]

Serum vitamin D deficiency as a predictor of incident non-Alzheimer dementias: a 7-year longitudinal study

Background: Hypovitaminosis D has been cross-sectionally associated with dementia and stroke. The objective of this longitudinal study was to determine whether serum vitamin D deficiency at baseline could predict the onset of non-Alzheimer dementias (NAD) within 7 years among older women.; Methods: Forty high-functioning older women (78.4 years, 76.4/82.0; median, 25th/75th percentile) from the EPIDOS […]

Lipid lowering agents, cognitive decline, and dementia: the three-city study

The aim of this prospective cohort study was to evaluate the effects of lipid lowering agent (LLA) intake on cognitive function in 6,830 community-dwelling elderly persons. Cognitive performance (global cognitive functioning, visual memory, verbal fluency, psychomotor speed, and executive function), clinical diagnosis of dementia, and fibrate and statin use, were evaluated at baseline, and 2, […]

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