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This database contains 23 studies, archived under the term: "Risk reduction (of dementia and co-morbidities)"

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Tea Consumption and Cognitive Impairment: A Cross-Sectional Study among Chinese Elderly

Background: Laboratorial and epidemiological researches suggested that tea exhibited potential neuroprotective effect which may prevent cognitive impairment, but there were few data among the elderly aged 60 years and above in China.; Objective: The objective was to explore the relationship between characteristics of tea consumption and cognitive impairment.; Design: We analyzed the baseline data from […]

Targeting Prodromal Alzheimer Disease With Avagacestat: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Importance: Early identification of Alzheimer disease (AD) is important for clinical management and affords the opportunity to assess potential disease-modifying agents in clinical trials. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a randomized trial to prospectively enrich a study population with prodromal AD (PDAD) defined by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker criteria and mild […]

Decreased self-reported cognitive failures after memory training

In recent years, attention has been focused on investigating the effectiveness of composite memory intervention programs with different age and diagnostics groups. The goal of this study was to measure changes in cognitive lapses by Cognitive Failure Questionnaire (CFQ) in a large trained, dementia free group (Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE] > 26). The CFQ was […]

Treino de memória episódica com ênfase em categorização para idosos sem demência e depressão. = Episodic memory training with emphasis on categorization for older adults without dementia and depression

Aging may lead to cognitive changes, especially in memory. Yet, research suggests that older adults may improve memory performance after training. The present study aimed at evaluating the effects of episodic memory training offered to healthy Brazilian older adults. Fifty seven participants were randomly divided into control group (COG = 26) and experimental group (EXG […]

Anticholinergic drug use and risk for dementia: Target for dementia prevention

An increasing number of longitudinal cohort studies have identified a risk increase for dementia by the chronic use of drugs with anticholinergic properties. The respective data from the German Study on Aging, Cognition and Dementia in Primary Care Patients (AgeCoDe) also showing risk increase (hazard ratio = 2.081) are reported here. The mechanisms by which […]

Thyroid medication use and subsequent development of dementia of the Alzheimer type

Associations between medication use and the development of Alzheimer disease have been investigated since the late 1900s. Thyroid hormone supplementation is rarely a studied medication class in this area of research. We examined data from participants enrolled in longitudinal studies at the Washington University Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center for associations between thyroid disease, thyroid hormone […]

Vitamins B₁₂, B₆, and folic acid for cognition in older men

[Correction Notice: An erratum for this article was reported in Vol 77(8) of Neurology (see record [rid]2011-21984-022[/rid]). In the original article, the daily dose of vitamin B12 used in the trial was reported as 400 μg, but it should have been 500 μg.] Objective: To investigate whether supplementing older men with vitamins B12, B6, and […]

Role of a multidisciplinary program in improving outcomes in cognitively impaired heart failure older patients

Background: Cognitive impairment (CI) frequently complicates Heart failure (HF) and is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Previous studies reported that nurse-lead home-based multidisciplinary program (MP) may not improve the prognosis of this high-risk group. In the present study, we analysed the relative effectiveness of an integrated hospital-based MP in patients with cognitive impairment.; Methods: […]

Postmenopausal hormone therapy and subclinical cerebrovascular disease: the WHIMS-MRI Study

Objective: The Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS) hormone therapy (HT) trials reported that conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) with or without medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) increases risk for all-cause dementia and global cognitive decline. WHIMS MRI measured subclinical cerebrovascular disease as a possible mechanism to explain cognitive decline reported in WHIMS.; Methods: We contacted 2,345 women […]

Antihypertensive agents and risk of Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor and dementia: a population-based prospective study (NEDICES)

Background: Recent interest in antihypertensive agents, especially calcium channel blockers, has been sparked by the notion that these medications may be neuroprotective. A modest literature, with mixed results, has examined whether these medications might lower the odds or risk of Parkinson’s disease (PD) or dementia. There are no data for essential tremor (ET).; Objective: To […]

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