This site uses cookies to measure how you use the website so it can be updated and improved based on your needs and also uses cookies to help remember the notifications you’ve seen, like this one, so that we don’t show them to you again. If you could also tell us a little bit about yourself, this information will help us understand how we can support you better and make this site even easier for you to use and navigate.

The anticipatory proportion as an indicator of language impairment in early-stage cognitive disorder in the elderly


Wutzler, Alexander, Becker, Regine, Lämmler, Gernot, Haverkamp, Wilhelm, Steinhagen-Thiessen, Elisabeth


Dementia And Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, Volume: 36, No.: 5-6, Pages.: 300-309

Year of Publication



Background: The anticipatory proportion (AP), the ratio between perseverative and anticipatory speech errors, is reduced in patients with brain injury. However, it is unknown whether the AP is also reduced in elderly speakers with cognitive impairment.; Methods: 20 elderly speakers with a Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of 25-27 and 20 elderly speakers with an MMSE score of 28-30 were assessed using a tongue-twister-based speech test, the Regensburg Word Fluency Test (RWT) and an object naming test.; Results: The AP in the group of speakers with an MMSE score of 25-27 was significantly lower. Accordingly, the AP and scores in the RWT and the object naming test were higher in persons with an MMSE score of 28-30.; Conclusion: Language alterations in mild cognitive dysfunction are detectable with the AP. Further longitudinal studies are needed to evaluate the predictive value of the AP.; Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Bibtex Citation

@article{Wutzler_2013, doi = {10.1159/000350808}, url = {}, year = 2013, publisher = {S. Karger {AG}}, volume = {36}, number = {5-6}, pages = {300--309}, author = {Alexander Wutzler and Regine Becker and Gernot Lämmler and Wilhelm Haverkamp and Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen}, title = {The Anticipatory Proportion as an Indicator of Language Impairment in Early-Stage Cognitive Disorder in the Elderly}, journal = {Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders} }


aged, aged, 80 and over, anticipation psychological, cognition disorders, complications, diagnosis, diagnosis, differential, etiology, female, humans, language disorders, male, mental status schedule, middle aged, neuropsychological tests, speech articulation tests

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)

Types of Study

Cohort Study

Type of Interventions

Diagnostic Target Identification

Diagnostic Targets

Cognition testing (inc. task driven tests such as clock drawing)