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Impact of TimeSlips creative expression program on behavioral symptoms and psychotropic medication use in persons with dementia in long-term care: a cluster-randomized pilot study


Houser, Winona S., George, Daniel R., Chinchilli, Vernon M.


The American Journal Of Geriatric Psychiatry: Official Journal Of The American Association For Geriatric Psychiatry, Volume: 22, No.: 4, Pages.: 337-340

Year of Publication



Objectives: To evaluate whether involvement in TimeSlips, a creative storytelling program, reduced mood and behavioral symptoms as well as psychotropic medication use in persons with dementia.; Methods: A cluster-randomized pilot study compared two discrete dementia care units in one nursing home. The control cohort (N = 10) received standard-of-care activity programming, and the intervention cohort (N = 10) received standard-of-care plus two one-hour TimeSlips sessions per week for six weeks. Data on mood and behavioral symptoms and psychotropic drug prescriptions were collected, and within-group and between-group comparisons were performed.; Results: Between-group comparisons did not reveal statistically significant differences in mood and behavioral symptoms. No differences in psychotropic drug prescriptions were found.; Conclusions: Larger trials of longer duration are needed to determine whether involvement in TimeSlips reduces mood and behavioral symptoms that compromise quality of life for persons with dementia.; Copyright © 2014 American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Bibtex Citation

@article{Houser_2014, doi = {10.1016/j.jagp.2012.12.005}, url = {}, year = 2014, month = {apr}, publisher = {Elsevier {BV}}, volume = {22}, number = {4}, pages = {337--340}, author = {Winona S. Houser and Daniel R. George and Vernon M. Chinchilli}, title = {Impact of {TimeSlips} Creative Expression Program on Behavioral Symptoms and Psychotropic Medication Use in Persons with Dementia in Long-term Care: A Cluster-randomized Pilot Study}, journal = {The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry} }


aged, aged, 80 and over, behavioral symptoms, creative, creative expression programs, creativity, dementia, female, humans, male, narration, nonpharmacological, nursing homes, pilot projects, programme, psychology, psychotropic drugs, storytelling, therapeutic use, therapy, timeslips, treatment outcome

Countries of Study


Types of Dementia

Dementia (general / unspecified)

Types of Study

Randomised Controlled Trial

Type of Outcomes



Nursing Homes

Type of Interventions

Non-pharmacological Treatment

Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions

Behavioural Therapies, Other