Evaluation of a virtual reality-based memory training programme for Hong Kong Chinese older adults with questionable dementia: a pilot study
Year of Publication 2012
Background: Older adults with questionable dementia are at risk of progressing to dementia, and early intervention is considered important. The present study investigated the effectiveness of a virtual reality (VR)-based memory training for older adults with questionable dementia.; Methods: A pre-test and post-test design was adopted. Twenty and 24 older adults with questionable dementia were randomly assigned to a VR-based and a therapist-led memory training group, respectively. Primary outcome measures included the Multifactorial Memory Questionnaire and Fuld Object Memory Evaluation.; Results: Both groups demonstrated positive training effects, with the VR group showing greater improvement in objective memory performance and the non-VR group showing better subjective memory subtest results in the Multifactorial Memory Questionnaire.; Conclusion: The use of VR seems to be acceptable for older adults with questionable dementia. Further study on the effect of educational background and memory training modality (visual, auditory) is warranted.; Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.